Access content directly

Chrystele Sanloup



Chrystèle Sanloup Professor, IMPMC, Sorbonne Université Ph. : +33 1 44 27 52 07 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France Born Dec-30 1972, one child Visiting professor, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh Member of Institut Universitaire de France ORCID: **Education and diploma:** – 2009: Habilitation thesis Université Pierre et Marie Curie. “Some examples of the effect of pressure on the chemical properties of geomaterials”. – 2000-2001: Post-graduate training as a Carnegie fellow, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, USA. Advisers: Y. Fei, R. Hemley and H.-K. Mao. – 1996-2000: Ph. D. Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre, 2000. Graduate student and teaching assistant. PhD title: “Composition and internal structure of Mars; high pressure experimentation on molten Fe and Fe-alloys; zirconium isotopes in meteorites”. Advisors: P. Gillet, F. Guyot and F. Albarède. – 1992-1996: geology studies at Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris **Career:** – 2014-: Professor, Sorbonne Université, Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris, and Institut de Minéralogie, Physique des matériaux et cosmochimie since 2019. – 2011-2014 : scientist at the Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions (CSEC), University of Edinburgh, funded by an ERC consolidator grant (“Magmas at depth: an experimental study at extreme conditions”). – 2007-2009 : sabbatical leave in CSEC, University of Edinburgh, funded by a Marie Curie European Intra-Fellowship (“High pressure experimental geochemistry. Reactivity of inert gases and the composition of planetary cores”). – 2001-2014: lecturer in Earth Sciences, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6. **Local responsibilities and administrative duties (since professorship in 2014):** – 2021-: head of the Mineralogy, Petrology and Physics of planetary interiors group at IMPMC (9 staff members and a dozen PhD/post-docs on average) – 2020-: head of Earth sciences BSc (approximately 220 students) – 2020-: steering committee of Materials science institute IMAT at Sorbonne University – 2018-2022 : elected member of board of trustees, Sorbonne université, and as such council member of the university department for contractual activity – 2016-2017 : elected member of board of trustees, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, and as such council member of the university department for contractual activity – 2015-2018: head of the Petrology, Geochemistry, Mineralogy group at ISTEP – 2014-2018: adviser to the dean of research&innovation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie) for the climate change laboratories (four laboratories: LOCEAN, LMD, LATMOS, METIS, and two federations: IPSL and FIRE) **National and international leadership (since professorship in 2014):** – 2014-2023: visiting professor, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh. – 2022-: associate editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research (AGU) – 2020-: member of CNRS Solid Earth and Interdisciplinary Instrumentation committees – 2019-2022: member of beamtime review panels for PetraIII (Germany) and Spring-8 (Japan) synchrotrons – 2015: fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America – elected member of synchrotron users organisations (PetraIII-Hamburg since 2017, European synchrotron radiation facility from 2009 to 2014) – 2013-2020: member of the committee for national instruments in Earth’s sciences (INSU, CNRS), and of the RéGEF network (French network in geochemistry, mineralogy and petrology) – 2011-2017: elected member of the executive committee of the International Association for the Advancement of High Pressure Science and Technology (AIRAPT) – teaching at four international summer schools (grad and post-grad students) – 21 invited lectures and seminars **Funding:** – 2021-2023: Sorbonne Université Emergence funding (30 k€) and CNRS Planetology National Programme (20 k€) for Ar retention in the lower mantle – 2019-2022: CNRS 80PRIME project on Xe in geological and nuclear contexts (120 k€) – 2018-2021: ANR Volc-Hal-Clim on halogens from mantle to atmosphere (PI T. Roberts, Orléans), work task on halogens deep cycle (175 k€ for IMPMC) – 2018-2022: CRC PhD funding (70 k€) – 2018-2019: CNRS MITI Défisotop funding (35 k€) – 2016-2019: PhD funding from Ecole Normale Supérieure (55 k€) – 2011-2017: PI of the ERC grant “Magmas at depth” (1.4 M€), 3 post-docs, 3 PhD students **PhDs/post-docs supervision:** – 7 PhD students (G. Morard, H. Spice, C. de Grouchy, C. Leroy, C. Crépisson, I. Rzeplinski, Q. Chen) – 4 post-docs (J. Drewitt, J. Hudspeth, B. Cochain, T. Grützner)


Image document

Probing the partitioning behaviour of Xe using in situ X-ray synchrotron techniques at high P–T conditions

Qi Chen , Chrystèle Sanloup , Hélène Bureau , Igor Rzeplinski , Konstantin Glazyrin
High Pressure Research, inPress, ⟨10.1080/08957959.2022.2144290⟩
Journal articles hal-03852075v1
Image document

Hadean isotopic fractionation of xenon retained in deep silicates

Igor Rzeplinski , Chrystèle Sanloup , Eric Gilabert , Denis Horlait
Nature, 2022, 606 (7915), pp.713-717. ⟨10.1038/s41586-022-04710-4⟩
Journal articles hal-03703585v1
Image document

Deep Earth carbon reactions through time and space

Catherine Mccammon , Helene Bureau , H. James Cleaves Ii , Elizabeth Cottrell , Susannah M Dorfman
The American Mineralogist, 2020, 105, pp.22 - 27. ⟨10.2138/am-2020-6888CCBY⟩
Journal articles hal-02870011v1
Image document

Noble Gas Reactivity in Planetary Interiors

Chrystèle Sanloup
Frontiers in Physics, 2020, 8, ⟨10.3389/fphy.2020.00157⟩
Journal articles hal-02865414v1
Image document

Polymerized 4-Fold Coordinated Carbonate Melts in the Deep Mantle

Chrystèle Sanloup , Jessica Hudspeth , Veronika Afonina , Benjamin Cochain , Zuzana Konôpková
Frontiers in Earth Science, 2019, 7, pp.72. ⟨10.3389/feart.2019.00072⟩
Journal articles hal-02147554v1
Image document

Xenon and iodine behaviour in magmas

C. Leroy , H. Bureau , C. Sanloup , C. Raepsaet , K. Glazirin
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2019, 522, pp.144-154. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2019.06.031⟩
Journal articles insu-02269945v1
Image document

The Xe‐SiO 2 System at Moderate Pressure and High Temperature

C. Crépisson , C. Sanloup , M. Blanchard , J. Hudspeth , K. Glazyrin
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2019, 20 (2), pp.992-1003. ⟨10.1029/2018GC007779⟩
Journal articles hal-02107610v2
Image document

First-principles modeling of chlorine isotope fractionation between chloride-bearing molecules and minerals

Etienne Balan , Laura Créon , Chrystèle Sanloup , Jérôme Aléon , Marc Blanchard
Chemical Geology, 2019, 525, pp.424-434. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.07.032⟩
Journal articles hal-02326016v1
Image document

Properties of molten CaCO3 at high pressure

Jessica Hudspeth , Chrystèle Sanloup , Yoshio Kono
Geochemical Perspectives Letters, 2018, pp.17 - 21. ⟨10.7185/geochemlet.1813⟩
Journal articles hal-01867275v1
Image document

Kr environment in feldspathic glass and melt: A high pressure, high temperature X-ray absorption study

Celine Crepisson , Chrystèle Sanloup , Laurent Cormier , Marc Blanchard , Jessica Hudspeth
Chemical Geology, 2018, 493, pp.525-531. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.07.008⟩
Journal articles hal-01867322v1
Image document

Behaviour of niobium during early Earth's differentiation: insights from its local structure and oxidation state in silicate melts at high pressure

C. Sanloup , B. Cochain , C de Grouchy , K. Glazyrin , Z Konôpkova
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 2018, Frontiers of High Pressure Physics, 30 (8), ⟨10.1088/1361-648X/aaa73e⟩
Journal articles hal-01867281v1
Image document

New constraints on Xe incorporation mechanisms in olivine from first-principles calculations

Celine Crepisson , Marc Blanchard , Michele Lazzeri , Etienne Balan , Chrystèle Sanloup
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2018, 222, pp.146-155. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2017.10.028⟩
Journal articles hal-01653380v1
Image document

Lutetium incorporation in magmas at depth: Changes in melt local environment and the influence on partitioning behaviour

Charlotte J.L. de Grouchy , Chrystèle Sanloup , Benjamin Cochain , James W.E. Drewitt , Yoshio Kono
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2017, 464, pp.155 - 165. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2017.02.017⟩
Journal articles hal-01489470v1
Image document

Viscosity of mafic magmas at high pressures

C Cochain , Chrystèle Sanloup , C Leroy , Y Kono
Geophysical Research Letters, 2017, 44 (2), pp.818-826 ⟨10.1002/2016GL071600⟩
Journal articles hal-01452772v1
Image document

Bonding of xenon to oxygen in magmas at depth

Clémence Leroy , Chrystèle Sanloup , Hélène Bureau , Burkhard C. Schmidt , Zuzana Konôpková
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2017, 484, pp.103 - 110. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2017.12.019⟩
Journal articles cea-01672802v1
Image document

Density of magmas at depth

Chrystèle Sanloup
Chemical Geology, 2016, 429, pp.51-59. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.03.002⟩
Journal articles hal-01285394v1
Image document

Viscosity of Liquid Fayalite up to 9 GPa

Holly Spice , Chrystèle Sanloup , Benjamin Cochain , Charlotte de Grouchy , Yoshio Kono
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2015, 148, pp.219-227. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2014.09.022⟩
Journal articles hal-01105412v1
Image document

Bromine speciation in hydrous silicate melts at high pressure

Benjamin Cochain , Chrystèle Sanloup , C de Grouchy , C Crépisson , Hélène Bureau
Chemical Geology, 2015, 404, pp.18-26. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.015⟩
Journal articles hal-01136078v1

Development of chemical and topological structure in aluminosilicate liquids and glasses at high pressure

James W.E. Drewitt , Sandro Jahn , Chrystèle Sanloup , Charlotte de Grouchy , Gaston Garbarino
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 2015, 27 (10), pp.105103. ⟨10.1088/0953-8984/27/10/105103⟩
Journal articles hal-01402115v1
Image document

Clumped fluoride-hydroxyl defects in forsterite:Implications for the upper-mantle

Céline Crépisson , Marc Blanchard , Hélène Bureau , Chrystèle Sanloup , Anthony C. Withers
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014, 390, pp.287-295. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2014.01.020⟩
Journal articles hal-00959948v1
Image document

Magmas trapped at the continental lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary

C. Crépisson , Guillaume Morard , H. Bureau , Gaëlle Prouteau , Yann Morizet
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014, 393, pp.105 - 112. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2014.02.048⟩
Journal articles hal-00959932v1

Structure of (FexCa1-xO)y(SiO2)1- y liquids and glasses from high-energy x-ray diffraction: Implications for the structure of natural basaltic magmas

James W.E. Drewitt , Chrystèle Sanloup , Aleksei Bytchkov , Séverine Brassamin , Louis Hennet
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), 2013, 87, pp.224201. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.87.224201⟩
Journal articles hal-01474916v1

Structure de (Fe x Ca 1-x O) y (SiO 2) Les liquides et les verres de haute énergie diffraction des rayons X 1-y: Implications pour la structure des magmas basaltiques naturels

Drewitt Jwe , Sanloup C. , Bytchkov A. , Brassamin S. , Louis Hennet
Physical, Review, 2013, B87 (224201), pp.1-10
Journal articles hal-00935034v1

Reactivity of Xenon with Ice at Planetary Conditions

Chrystèle Sanloup , S. A. Bonev , M. Hochlaf , H. Maynard-Casely
Physical Review Letters, 2013, 26 (265501), 5 p. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.265501⟩
Journal articles hal-00936434v1

Structure et la densité de fayalite fondu à haute pression

Chrystèle Sanloup , Jwe Drewitt , C. Crépisson , Y. Kono , C. Park
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2013, 118, pp.118-128
Journal articles hal-00936341v1

Structural change in molten basalt at deep mantle conditions

Chrystèle Sanloup , James W.E. Drewitt , Konôpkova Z. , Philip Dalladay-Simpson , Donna M. Morton
Nature, 2013, 503, pp.104-107. ⟨10.1038/nature12668⟩
Journal articles hal-00936436v1

Neutral buoyancy of titanium-rich melts in the deep lunar interior

Mirjam van Kan Parker , Chrystèle Sanloup , Nicolas Sator , Bertrand Guillot , Elodie J. Tronche
Nature Geoscience, 2012, 5, pp.186-189. ⟨10.1038/NGEO1402⟩
Journal articles hal-00676468v1
Image document

High-pressure experimental geosciences: state of the art and prospects

Chrystèle Sanloup
Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 2012, 183 (3), pp.173-185. ⟨10.2113/gssgfbull.183.3.175⟩
Journal articles hal-00707380v1

Compressibility change in iron-rich melt and implications for core formation models

Chrystèle Sanloup , W. van Westrenen , R. Dasgupta , H. Maynard-Casely , J.-P. Perrillat
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2011, 306, pp.118-122. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.039⟩
Journal articles hal-00591407v1

Xenon and Argon: A contrasting behavior in olivine at depth

Chrystèle Sanloup , B.C. Schmidt , Gudmundur H. Gudfinnsson , Agnès Dewaele , M. Mezouar
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2011, 75, pp.6271-6284. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2011.08.023⟩
Journal articles hal-00626070v1

Calibration of a diamond capsule cell assembly for in situ determination of liquid properties in the Paris-Edinburgh press

Mirjam van Kan Parker , Chrystèle Sanloup , Elodie J. Tronche , Jean-Philippe Perrillat , Mohamed Mezouar
High Pressure Research, 2010, 30 (2), pp.332-341. ⟨10.1080/08957959.2010.484283⟩
Journal articles hal-00591435v1

The chemical composition of the Earth: Enstatite chondrite models

Marc Javoy , Edouard Kaminski , F. Guyot , Denis Andrault , Chrystèle Sanloup
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2010, 293, pp.259-268. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.033⟩
Journal articles hal-00591424v1

Dissociative melting of ice VII at high pressure

A.F. Goncharov , Chrystèle Sanloup , N. Goldman , Jonathan C. Crowhurst , S.H. Bastea
Journal of Chemical Physics, 2009, 130, pp.124514
Journal articles hal-00687776v1
Image document

In situ structural investigation of Fe-S-Si immiscible liquid system and evolution of Fe-S bond properties with pressure

Guillaume Morard , C. Sanloup , B. Guillot , G. Fiquet , M. Mezouar
Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2008, 113, pp.10205. ⟨10.1029/2008JB005663⟩
Journal articles hal-00613631v1

Structural Transition in Compressed Amorphous Sulfur

Chrystèle Sanloup , Eugene Greoryanz , Olga Degtyareva , Michael Hanfland
Physical Review Letters, 2008, 100 (7), pp.1-4. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.075701⟩
Journal articles hal-00694036v1

In situ determination of Fe-Fe3S phase diagram and liquid structural properties up to 65 GPa

Guillaume Morard , Denis Andrault , N. Guignot , C. Sanloup , M. Mezouar
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2008, 272 (3-4), pp.620-626. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2008.05.028⟩
Journal articles hal-00613322v1

Optimization of Paris-Edinburgh press cell assemblies for in situ monochromatic X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption

Guillaume Morard , M. Mezouar , N. Rey , R. Poloni , A. Merlen
High Pressure Research, 2007, 27 (2), pp.223-233. ⟨10.1080/08957950601183553⟩
Journal articles hal-00613966v1

Structure of eutectic Fe-FeS melts to pressures up to 17 GPa: Implications for planetary cores

Guillaume Morard , C. Sanloup , G. Fiquet , M. Mezouar , N. Rey
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2007, 263 (1-2), pp.128-139. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2007.09.009|⟩
Journal articles hal-00613980v1
Image document

Interstitial dinitrogen makes PtN2 an insulating hard solid

Andrea F. Young , Javier A. Montoya , Chrystèle Sanloup , Michele Lazzeri , Eugene Gregoryanz
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), 2006, 73, pp.153102. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.73.153102⟩
Journal articles hal-00130141v1

Retention of Xenon in Quartz and Earth's missing Xenon

C. Sanloup* B. Schmidt , Eva Chamorro Perez , A. Jambon E. Gregoryanz M. Mezouar
Science, 2005, 310, pp.1174-1177. ⟨10.1126/science.1119070⟩
Journal articles hal-00093011v1

Effect of Si on liquid Fe compressibility: Implications for sound velocity in core materials

C. Sanloup , G. Fiquet , E. Gregoryanz , Guillaume Morard , M. Mezouar
Geophysical Research Letters, 2004, 31, pp.07604. ⟨10.1029/2004GL019526⟩
Journal articles hal-01053873v1

Synthesis and characterization of a binary noble metal nitride.

Eugene Gregoryanz , Chrystèle Sanloup , M. Somayazulu , James Badro , Guillaume Fiquet
Nature Materials, 2004, 3, pp.294-297. ⟨10.1038/nmat1115⟩
Journal articles hal-00085984v1

Magmas trapped at depth and the continental lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary

C., Sanloup , C., Crépisson , Guillaume Morard , H., Bureau , Gaëlle Prouteau
American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2012, AGU, Dec 2012, San Francisco, United States
Conference papers insu-01298794v1