Access content directly

Fiona Pichon



**My research** I am a researcher in Archaeology, focusing on the emergence of the first farming societies in the Southwest Asia. My approach is based on the analysis of stone tools to define the interaction processes between technical innovations and social practices when the last groups of hunter-gatherers adopted a sedentary lifestyle and became food producers. I am one of the emerging researchers in use-wear analysis, trained by the world-renowned expert of the discipline (P. Anderson and S. Beyries, French CNRS). The approach I propose has been successfully carried out in my PhD thesis, funded by the Paris-Sorbonne University. For my academic formation, I gained a solid teaching experience in higher education in Archaeology (46 hours of lectures and 234 hours of tutorials at the Paris-Sorbonne University) for which I obtained my Qualification for the functions of Lecturer. During my first postdoctoral position at the Milà y Fontanals Institute (CSIC) in Spain under the supervision of J.J. Ibáñez (Fyssen Foundation grant), and afterwards at the Tsukuba University in Japan under the supervision of A. Tsuneki (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science grant), I studied various tool assemblages from different Neolithic sites across the Southwest Asia (Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Iran), dated between 10th and 6th millennia. Recently, I joined the international research ‘South-eastern Badia Archaeological Project’, working on the comparison between sedentary villages and the semi-nomadic hunters of the desert kites, in southern Jordan. Addressing these issues over a widespread area, in different archaeological settlements, I will be able to signify the particularities of these productions in a long-term perspective. My aim is to determine whether observed changes are related to an economic specialisation of sites, or to a chronological or cultural diversity. In the coming years, with the MSCA-funded OBSTRADE project, I will investigate the role of the obsidian exchange networks in the transmission and spread of innovations during the transition to farming. For understanding obsidian trade, the project proposes an original, innovative, and interdisciplinary approach, by analysing Neolithic obsidian tool function and geographical distribution. I will develop, for the first time, a methodology for the study of obsidian tools using high-precision surface texture analysis through confocal Scanning Microscopy in collaboration with J.J. Ibáñez of the Archaeology of Social Dynamics Research group (IMF-CSIC). This work will allow to run a modelling on the use and exchange of obsidian in the SW Asia, by applying network analysis and agent-based modelling in collaboration with R. Toral (IFISC, Baleares University). In addition, I will continue exploring the mechanism of diffusion and adaptation of the Neolithic in the Fertile Crescent and its surroundings (Iran, Iraq, Kurdistan, Jordan, and Turkey).


Sickle Gloss Texture Analysis Elucidates Long-Term Evolution of Plant Harvesting During the Transition to Agriculture

Juan José Ibañez , Patricia C. Anderson , Amaia Arranz-Otaeogui , Jesus Emilio Gonzalez Urquijo , Anne Jörgensen-Lindahl et al.
Journal of Archaeological Science, 2021
Journal articles hal-03406802v1

Harvesting cereals at Dja’de el-Mughara in northern Levant during the EPPNB (9th millennium): new results through microtexture analysis of sickle gloss

Fiona Pichon , Juan José Ibañez , Patricia M. Anderson , Carolyne Douché , Eric Coqueugniot et al.
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2021, 36
Journal articles hal-03454336v1
Image document

Harvesting cereals at Dja’de el-Mughara in the northern Levant: New results through microtexture analysis of Early PPNB sickle gloss (11th millennium cal BP)

Fiona Pichon , Juan José Ibáñez-Estevez , Patricia Anderson , Carolyne Douché , Éric Coqueugniot et al.
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2021, 36, pp.102807. ⟨10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102807⟩
Journal articles hal-03363363v1

Knapped tools for obtaining food resources in the Neolithic in the Near East

Fiona Pichon , Juan José Ibañez
Food & History, 2021
Journal articles hal-03526885v1

Knapped Tools for Obtaining Food Resources in the Origins of Farming in the Near East

Fiona Pichon , Juan José Ibáñez
Food and History, 2021, 19 (1-2), pp.111-134. ⟨10.1484/J.FOOD.5.126402⟩
Journal articles hal-03498856v1
Image document

Human occupation along the foothills of Northwestern Zagros during the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene in the Rania and Peshdar plains First results of the French archaeological mission in the Governorate of Soulaimaniah (Iraqi Kurdistan).

J. Giraud , J. Baldi , S. Bonilauri , M. Mashkour , M. Lemée et al.
Paléorient, 2019, 45 (2), pp.85-119
Journal articles hal-02610742v1

Agricultural Strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara (Northern Syria)

Fiona Pichon , Carolyne Douché
Routes de l'Orient, 2018
Journal articles hal-03368403v1

Exploitation of the cereals during the Pre-pottery Neolithic of Dja'de-el-Mughara: Preliminary results of the functional study of the glossy blades

Fiona Pichon
Quaternary International, 2017, 427, pp.138-151. ⟨10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.064⟩
Journal articles hal-03363371v1

Compte-rendu du Colloque International « Du Caucase à l’Arabie : l’espace domestique au Néolithique »

Carolyne Douché , Fiona Pichon
Routes de l'Orient. Revue archéologique de l'Orient ancien, 2016, Actualité des recherches archéologiques en Arabie, 2, pp.151-166
Journal articles hal-03454176v1

Plant harvesting Variability during the Neolithic analyzed through texture analysis of sickle gloss

Juan José Ibañez , Patricia M. Anderson , Niccolo Mazzucco , Fiona Pichon
27th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Sep 2021, Kiel, Germany
Conference papers hal-03368479v1

Exploring the variability of cereal harvesting gloss using confocal microscopy

Juan José Ibañez , Patricia C. Anderson , Fiona Pichon , Niccolo Mazzucco
Rock and Roll: 13th International Symposium on Knappable Materials, Oct 2021, Tarragona, Spain
Conference papers hal-03368486v1

Farmer lifestyles in the north-eastern Iranian central plateau: new data through the functional analysis of harvesting tools from Tappeh Sang-e Chakhmaq (LPPNB-EPN)

Fiona Pichon , Juan José Ibañez
Revisiting the Hilly Flanks: the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic periods in the eastern Fertile Crescent, Jun 2021, Copenhague, Denmark
Conference papers hal-03368474v1

Arrows and archery during the PPNB, an experimental approach: points production and use

Frédéric Abbès , Fiona Pichon
9th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2019, Tokyo, Japan
Conference papers hal-03368464v1

Settlement patterns in the long term: Near Eastern origins of the European expansion model

Juan José Ibañez , Juan Francesco Gibaja , Fiona Pichon , Niccolo Mazzucco
1st conference of the Early Neolithic of Europe (ENE), Nov 2019, Barcelona, Spain
Conference papers hal-03368459v1

The Late Bronze Age lithic industries of Ras Shamra-Ougarit: assesment, contextualization and new approaches — 40 years of renewed studies

Eric Coqueugniot , Fiona Pichon
Ougarit, 90 ans après, Nov 2019, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-03368462v1

A Late PPNB lithic assemblage associated to kite hunters from Jibal al-Khashabiyeh, southeastern Jordan

Rémy Crassard , Juan Sanchez-Priego , Wael Abu-Azizeh , M. Tarawneh , Fiona Pichon et al.
9th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2019, Tokyo, Japan
Conference papers hal-03368470v1

Stone bead crafts in the Neolithic Near East: technological know-how and specialisation

Hala Alarashi , Fiona Pichon
8.AWRANA: Beyond usewear traces: on tools and people, Jun 2018, Nice, France
Conference papers hal-03368447v1

Stone bead crafts in the Neolithic Near East: technological Know-how and specialization

Hala Alarashi , Fiona Pichon
AWRANA, 2018, Nice, France
Conference papers hal-02104179v1

Usewear analysis of lithic tools from Dja'de-el-Mughara: Technical activities and cultural traditions during the Early PPNB in the Northern Levant

Fiona Pichon
XVIIIth international congress of UISPP, Jun 2018, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-03368450v1

Investigating the Process of Cereal Domestication through Texture Analysis of Sickle Gloss

Juan José Ibañez , Patricia C. Anderson , Jesus Emilio Gonzalez Urquijo , Juan Francesco Gibaja , Fiona Pichon et al.
8th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2016, Nicosie, Cyprus
Conference papers hal-03368445v1

Agricultural strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara, northern Syria

Carolyne Douché , Fiona Pichon , Margareta Tengberg , Eric Coqueugniot
From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Studying domestic spaces in the Neolithic, Oct 2015, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-02994225v1
Image document

The Ghassanian Techno-Complex, Late/Final PPNB Lithic Assemblages from Desert Kite-Associated Occupation Sites in Jibal al-Khashabiyeh, South-Eastern Jordan

Rémy Crassard , Juan Sanchez-Priego , Fiona Pichon , Wael Abu-Azizeh , Mohammad Tarawneh et al.
Tracking the Neolithic in the Near East. Lithic Perspectives on Its Origins, Development and Dispersals, pp.327-339, 2022, 978-94-6426-080-9
Book sections hal-03685561v1

L’industrie lithique de Ras-Shamra-Ougarit au Bronze Récent : bilan, mise en contexte et nouvelles approches, 40 années d’études renouvelées

Eric Coqueugniot , Fiona Pichon
Matoïan V. (éd.) 2021, Ougarit, un anniversaire. Bilans et recherches en cours, Ras Shamra – Ougarit XXVIII, 2021
Book sections hal-03526874v1

Utilisation d’outils en silex pour l’exploitation alimentaire et artisanale des végétaux à Dja’de el-Mughara durant le PPNB ancien (Syrie, 9ème millénaire).

Fiona Pichon
Astruc L., McCartney C., Briois F., Kassianidou L. Near Eastern Lithic Technologies on the move. Interactions and Contexts in the Neolithic Traditions, 150, 2019
Book sections hal-03368387v1