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James Schmidt



I am primarily a learning psychologist, also interested in neural networks and cognitive control. Some of my specific research interests include human contingency learning, temporal contiguity, temporal learning, the Stroop effect, computational modelling, cognitive control, conflict monitoring and adaptation, attention, episodic memory, unconscious processes, learning goals, evaluative learning, stimulus-response binding, switch costs, human reasoning ability, logic, and bilingualism. I completed my B.A. with high honours in psychology and a minor in philosophy at the [University of Saskatchewan]( in 2005, supervised by Jim Cheesman. I obtained my Master’s in 2007 and my Ph.D. in 2009 in cognitive psychology at the [University of Waterloo](, supervised by [Derek Besner]( I then worked as a postdoc at [Ghent University]( with [Jan De Houwer]( I am currently an associate professor of the [Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté (UBFC)]( working in the [Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement (LEAD)]( at the [Université de Bourgogne]( You can see my full CV [here](


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MUSICAL STROOP AND CONTINGENCY LEARNING 1 Incidental Learning in Music Reading: The Music Contingency Learning Task

Claudia Iorio , Iva Šaban , Bénédicte Poulin-Charronnat , James Schmidt
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2022, pp.174702182210927. ⟨10.1177/17470218221092779⟩
Journal articles hal-03874914v1

Stimulus and response conflict from a second language: Stroop interference in weakly-bilingual and recently-trained languages

Iva Šaban , J.R. Schmidt
Acta Psychologica, 2021, 218, pp.103360. ⟨10.1016/j.actpsy.2021.103360⟩
Journal articles hal-03356475v1

Apprentissage incident des associations simples de stimulus-réponse : revue de la recherche avec la tâche d’apprentissage de contingences couleur-mot

J.R. Schmidt
L'Année psychologique, 2021, 121 (2), pp.77-127. ⟨10.3917/anpsy1.212.0077⟩
Journal articles hal-03278160v1

When Data Transformations are Appropriate or Even Necessary: A Response to Cohen-Shikora, Suh and Bugg (2019)

J.R. Schmidt
Timing & Time Perception Reviews, 2021, 9 (2), pp.161-197. ⟨10.1163/22134468-bja10019⟩
Journal articles hal-03278197v1

Learning Habits: Does Overtraining Lead to Resistance to New Learning?

James R. Schmidt , Jan de Houwer , Agnes Moors
Collabra: Psychology, 2020, 6 (1), pp.21. ⟨10.1525/collabra.320⟩
Journal articles hal-03007988v1

Erasing the Homunculus as an Ongoing Mission: A Reply to the Commentaries

James R. Schmidt , Baptist Liefooghe , Jan de Houwer
Journal of Cognition and Culture, 2020, 3 (1), pp.28. ⟨10.5334/joc.117⟩
Journal articles hal-03016362v1

An Episodic Model of Task Switching Effects: Erasing the Homunculus from Memory

James R. Schmidt , Baptist Liefooghe , Jan de Houwer
Journal of Cognition and Culture, 2020, 3 (1), pp.22. ⟨10.5334/joc.97⟩
Journal articles hal-03016369v1

Stroop-like effects of derived stimulus–stimulus relations.

Baptist Liefooghe , Sean Hughes , James R. Schmidt , Jan de Houwer
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020, 46 (2), pp.327-349. ⟨10.1037/xlm0000724⟩
Journal articles hal-02513104v1

Contingency learning as binding? Testing an exemplar view of the colour-word contingency learning effect

James R. Schmidt , Carina Giesen , Klaus Rothermund
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2020, 73 (5), pp.739-761. ⟨10.1177/1747021820906397⟩
Journal articles hal-02513535v1

Context-specific proportion congruent effects: Compound-cue contingency learning in disguise

James Schmidt , Céline Lemercier
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2019, 72 (5), pp.1119-1130. ⟨10.1177/1747021818787155⟩
Journal articles hal-02099654v1

Measuring Adaptive Control in Conflict Tasks

Senne Braem , Julie M. Bugg , James R. Schmidt , Matthew J.C. Crump , Daniel H. Weissman
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2019, 23 (9), pp.769-783. ⟨10.1016/j.tics.2019.07.002⟩
Journal articles hal-02268096v1

Evidence against conflict monitoring and adaptation: An updated review

James R. Schmidt
Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2019, 26 (3), pp.753-771. ⟨10.3758/s13423-018-1520-z⟩
Journal articles hal-02268074v1

Cue Competition and Incidental Learning: No Blocking or Overshadowing in the Colour-Word Contingency Learning Procedure Without Instructions to Learn

James R. Schmidt , Jan de Houwer
Collabra: Psychology, 2019, 5 (1), pp.15. ⟨10.1525/collabra.236⟩
Journal articles hal-02328606v1

Correction to Schmidt and De Houwer (2012)

J.R. Schmidt , Jan de Houwer
Experimental Psychology, 2019, 66 (3), pp.255-256. ⟨10.1027/1618-3169/a000452⟩
Journal articles hal-02452637v1

Category learning in the color-word contingency learning paradigm

James R. Schmidt , Maria Augustinova , Jan de Houwer
Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2018, 25 (2), pp.658-666. ⟨10.3758/s13423-018-1430-0⟩
Journal articles hal-01985131v1

Interference in Dutch–French Bilinguals : Stimulus and Response Conflict in Intra- and Interlingual Stroop

James R. Schmidt , Robert J. Hartsuiker , Jan de Houwer
Experimental Psychology, 2018, 65 (1), pp.13-22
Journal articles hal-01985154v1

Best not to bet on the horserace: A comment on Forrin and MacLeod (2017) and a relevant stimulus-response compatibility view of colour-word contingency learning asymmetries

James R. Schmidt
Memory and Cognition, 2018, 46 (2), pp.326-335
Journal articles hal-01985119v1

Context-specific temporal learning with non-conflict stimuli: proof-of-principle for a learning account of context-specific proportion congruent effects

James Schmidt , Céline Lemercier , Jan de Houwer
Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, 5, ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01241⟩
Journal articles hal-02099666v1

Context-specific temporal learning with non-conflict stimuli: proof-of-principle for a learning account of context-specific proportion congruent effects

Aurélie Simoës-Perlant , J.R. Schmidt , Christophe Boujon , James Schmidt , Céline Lemercier
Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, 5 (1), pp.43-50. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01241⟩
Journal articles hal-02088901v1

Dissociating Stimulus-Stimulus and Response-Response Effects in the Stroop Task.

James R. Schmidt , Jim Cheesman
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2005, 59 (2), pp.132-138. ⟨10.1037/h0087468⟩
Journal articles hal-02278288v1
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Experimental and Neural Network Investigations in Learning, Attention, and Cognitive Control

James R. Schmidt
Psychology. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019
Habilitation à diriger des recherches tel-02309747v1