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Sébastien Merkel



Research experience ------------------- - **2010-**: Professor, [Unité Matériaux et Transformations](, Université de Lille, France - **2014-2019**: Junior Member, [Institut universitaire de France]( - **2006-2010**: CNRS Research Scientist, Laboratoire de Structure et Propriétés de l'Etat Solide, then [Unité Matériaux et Transformations](, Université Lille 1, France - **2004-2006**: Miller Research Fellow, [Department of Earth and Planetary Science](, University of California, Berkeley, United States - **2002-2004** : JSPS post-doctoral fellow, [Institute for Solid State Physics](, University of Tokyo, Japan. - **1999-2002**: PhD at the [Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre](, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France, and the [Geophysical Laboratory](, Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington DC, Etats-Unis, supervised by Philippe Gillet and Russell J. Hemley Education --------- - **2009**: Habilitation à diriger les recherches, [Université Lille 1](, France Title : Plasticity under pressure: experimental approach - **1999-2002**: PhD thesis at the [Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre]( of the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France, and at the [Geophysical Laboratory](, Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington DC, United States Title: Elasticity and preferred orientations in the deep Earth: an experimental approach Advisors: Philippe Gillet (ENS Lyon) and Russell J. Hemley (Geophysical Laboratory) - **1994-1997**: Magistère des Sciences de la Matière à l'[École Normale Supérieure de Lyon](<École Normale Supérieure de Lyon>), France - **1996-1997**: Master's Degree in Statistical Physics and Non Linear Phenomena at the [Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon](, France - **1994-1996**: Undergraduate studies in Physics at the [Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon](, France - **1992-1994**: Mathématiques Spéciales et Supérieures, [Lycée du Parc](, Lyon, France - **1992**: Baccalauréat, [Lycée International de Ferney-Voltaire](, France


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Deformation of two-phase aggregates with in situ X-ray tomography in rotating Paris–Edinburgh cell at GPa pressures and high temperature

Tommaso Mandolini , Julien Chantel , Sébastien Merkel , Yann Le Godec , Nicolas Guignot
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 2023, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 30 (5), ⟨10.1107/S1600577523005374⟩
Journal articles hal-04189353v1
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MHz free electron laser x-ray diffraction and modeling of pulsed laser heated diamond anvil cell

Nicolas Jaisle , David Cébron , Zuzana Konôpková , Rachel J Husband , Clemens Prescher
Journal of Applied Physics, 2023, Journal of Applied Physics, 134 (9), pp.095904. ⟨10.1063/5.0149836⟩
Journal articles hal-04199829v1
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Transformation microstructures in pyrolite under stress: Implications for anisotropy in subducting slabs below the 660 km discontinuity

Jeffrey-Phillip Gay , Estelle Ledoux , Matthias Krug , Julien Chantel , Anna Pakhomova
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2023, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 604, pp.118015. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118015⟩
Journal articles hal-03978933v1
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Dynamic optical spectroscopy and pyrometry of static targets under optical and x-ray laser heating at the European XFEL

O. B. Ball , C. Prescher , K. Appel , C. Baehtz , Marzena Baron
Journal of Applied Physics, 2023, Journal of Applied Physics, 134 (5), pp.055901. ⟨10.1063/5.0142196⟩
Journal articles hal-04188341v1
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Deformation of Polycrystalline MgO Up to 8.3 GPa and 1270 K: Microstructures, Dominant Slip-Systems, and Transition to Grain Boundary Sliding

Estelle Ledoux , Feng Lin , Lowell Miyagi , Ahmed Addad , Alexandre Fadel
Frontiers in Earth Science, 2022, 10, pp.849777. ⟨10.3389/feart.2022.849777⟩
Journal articles hal-03664119v1

Deformation and slip systems of CaCl2-type MnO2 under high pressure

Binbin Yue , Matthias Krug , Sébastien Merkel , Fang Hong , Carmen Sanchez-Valle
Physical Review Materials, 2022, Physical Review Materials, 6, pp.053603. ⟨10.1103/physrevmaterials.6.053603⟩
Journal articles hal-03663669v1
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Strength and seismic anisotropy of textured FeSi at planetary core conditions

E. Kolesnikov , I. Kupenko , M. Achorner , C. Plückthun , H.-P. Liermann
Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 2022, Frontiers in Earth Science, 10, pp.974148. ⟨10.3389/feart.2022.974148⟩
Journal articles hal-03853130v1
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Textures Induced by the Coesite‐Stishovite Transition and Implications for the Visibility of the X‐Discontinuity

Matthias Krug , Morvarid Saki , Estelle Ledoux , Jeffrey-Phillip Gay , Julien Chantel
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2022, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 23 (10), pp.e2022GC010544. ⟨10.1029/2022gc010544⟩
Journal articles hal-03798361v1
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Deformation of NaCoF3 perovskite and post-perovskite up to 30 GPa and 1013 K: implications for plastic deformation and transformation mechanism

Jeffrey-Phillip Gay , Lowell Miyagi , Samantha Couper , Christopher Langrand , David P. Dobson
European Journal of Mineralogy, 2021, European Journal of Mineralogy, 33 (5), pp.591-603. ⟨10.5194/ejm-33-591-2021⟩
Journal articles hal-03367254v1
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Femtosecond Visualization of hcp-Iron Strength and Plasticity under Shock Compression

Sébastien Merkel , Sovanndara Hok , Cynthia Bolme , Dylan Rittman , Kyle James Ramos
Physical Review Letters, 2021, Physical Review Letters, 127 (20), pp.205501. ⟨10.1103/physrevlett.127.205501⟩
Journal articles hal-03428672v1
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Novel experimental setup for megahertz X-ray diffraction in a diamond anvil cell at the High Energy Density (HED) instrument of the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL)

H. P. Liermann , Z. Konôpková , K. Appel , C. Prescher , A. Schropp
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 2021, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 28 (3), pp.688-706. ⟨10.1107/s1600577521002551⟩
Journal articles hal-03213668v1
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Ultrafast X-ray Diffraction Study of a Shock-Compressed Iron Meteorite above 100 GPa

Sabrina Tecklenburg , Roberto Colina-Ruiz , Sovanndara Hok , Cynthia Bolme , Eric Galtier
Minerals, 2021, 11 (6), pp.567. ⟨10.3390/min11060567⟩
Journal articles hal-03256610v1
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An improved setup for radial diffraction experiments at high pressures and high temperatures in a resistive graphite-heated diamond anvil cell

Julia Immoor , Hauke Marquardt , Lowell M Miyagi , S. Speziale , Sébastien Merkel
Review of Scientific Instruments, 2020, Review of Scientific Instruments, 91 (4), pp.045121. ⟨10.1063/1.5143293⟩
Journal articles hal-02558603v1
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Microstructural effects and mechanism of bcc-hcp-bcc transformations in polycrystalline iron

Sébastien Merkel , Ainhoa Lincot , Sylvain Petitgirard
Physical Review B, 2020, Physical Review B, 102, pp.104103. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.102.104103⟩
Journal articles hal-02937692v1
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High pressure exploration in the Li – Ln – V – O system.

Anastasiia Zadoia , Ángel M Arévalo-López , Javier Sanchez-Benitez , Marielle Huvé , Jean-François Blach
Dalton Transactions, 2020, 49, pp.13663-13670. ⟨10.1039/D0DT02721A⟩
Journal articles hal-02934278v1
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Kinetics and detectability of the bridgmanite to post-perovskite transformation in the Earth's D″ layer

Christopher Langrand , Denis Andrault , Stéphanie Durand , Zuzana Konôpková , Nadege Hilairet
Nature Communications, 2019, Nature Communications, 10 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41467-019-13482-x⟩
Journal articles hal-02415433v1
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Olivine intergranular plasticity at mantle pressures and temperatures

Paul Raterron , Caroline Bollinger , Sébastien Merkel
Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 2019, Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 351 (2-3), pp.80-85. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2018.10.001⟩
Journal articles hal-02168201v1
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The equation of state of TaC0.99 by X-ray diffraction in radial scattering geometry to 32 GPa and 1073 K

Sergio Speziale , Julia Immoor , A Ermakov , Sébastien Merkel , Hauke Marquardt
Journal of Applied Physics, 2019, 126 (10), pp.105107. ⟨10.1063/1.5115350⟩
Journal articles hal-02284714v1
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High-pressure yield strength of rocksalt structures using quartz Raman piezometry

Bruno Reynard , Razvan Caracas , Herve Cardon , Gilles Montagnac , Sébastien Merkel
Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 2019, 351 (2-3), pp.71-79. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2018.02.001⟩
Journal articles hal-02347201v1
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Kinetic D/H fractionation during hydration and dehydration of silicate glasses, melts and nominally anhydrous minerals

M. Roskosz , E. Deloule , J. Ingrin , C. Depecker , Didier Laporte
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2018, 233, pp.14-32. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2018.04.027⟩
Journal articles hal-01919421v1
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Dislocations and Plastic Deformation in MgO Crystals: A Review

Jonathan Amodeo , Sébastien Merkel , Christophe Tromas , Philippe Carrez , Sandra Korte-Kerzel
Crystals, 2018, 8 (6), pp.1-53. ⟨10.3390/cryst8060240⟩
Journal articles hal-01807690v1

Evidence for {100}<011> slip in ferropericlase in from high-pressure/high-temperature experiments Earth's lower mantle

J. Immoor , H. Marquardt , L. Miyagi , F. Lin , S. Speziale
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2018, 489, pp.251-257. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.045⟩
Journal articles hal-02623662v1

Elasto-viscoplastic self consistent modeling of the ambient temperature plastic behavior of periclase deformed up to 5.4 GPa

F. Lin , Nadège Hilairet , Paul Raterron , Ahmed Addad , J. Immoor
Journal of Applied Physics, 2017, 122 (20), ⟨10.1063/1.4999951⟩
Journal articles hal-02619302v1
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Multiscale model of global inner-core anisotropy induced by hcp alloy plasticity

A. Lincot , Ph. Cardin , R. Deguen , S. Merkel
Geophysical Research Letters, 2016, 43 (3), pp.1084 - 1091. ⟨10.1002/2015GL067019⟩
Journal articles insu-01899915v1
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Is inner core seismic anisotropy a marker for plastic flow of cubic iron?

A. Lincot , S. Merkel , P. Cardin
Geophysical Research Letters, 2015, 42 (5), pp.1326. ⟨10.1002/2014GL062862⟩
Journal articles hal-01112259v1
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Effective viscoplastic behavior of polycrystalline aggregates lacking four independent slip systems inferred from homogenization methods; application to olivine

Fabrice Detrez , O Castelnau , P Cordier , Sébastien Merkel , P Raterron
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 2015, 83, pp.199-220. ⟨10.1016/j.jmps.2015.05.022⟩
Journal articles hal-01198767v1

Mechanism of the alpha-epsilon phase transformation in iron

A. Dewaele , C. Denoual , S. Anzellini , F. Occelli , M. Mezouar
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), 2015, 91 (17), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.91.174105⟩
Journal articles hal-01216768v1
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Seismic response and anisotropy of a model hcp iron inner core

A Lincot , R Deguen , Sébastien Merkel , Philippe Cardin
Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 2014, 346, pp.148-157. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2014.04.001⟩
Journal articles hal-01260088v1
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Multiscale modeling of upper mantle plasticity: From single-crystal rheology to multiphase aggregate deformation

Paul Raterron , Fabrice Detrez , Olivier Castelnau , Caroline Bollinger , Patrick Cordier
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2014, 228, pp.232-243. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2013.11.012⟩
Journal articles hal-00980640v1

Texturing in Earth's inner core due to preferential growth in its equatorial belt

Renaud Deguen , Philippe Cardin , Sébastien Merkel , Ricardo A. Lebensohn
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2011, 188 (3-4), pp.173-184. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2011.08.008⟩
Journal articles insu-00679836v1
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Texturing in the Earth's inner core due to preferential growth in its equatorial belt

Renaud Deguen , Philippe Cardin , Sebastien Merkel , R.A. Lebensohn
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2011, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 188, pp.173-184. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2011.08.008⟩
Journal articles hal-00560109v2
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Diamond anvil cell deformation of CaSiO perovskite up to 49 GPa

Lowell Miyagi , Sébastien Merkel , Takehiko Yagi , Nagayoshi Sata , Yasuo Ohishi
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2009, 174 (1-4), pp.159. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2008.05.018⟩
Journal articles hal-00533030v1

Deformation of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 Post-Perovskite and D'' Anisotropy

Sébastien Merkel , Allen K. Mcnamara , Atsushi Kubo , Sergio Speziale , Lowell Miyagi
Science, 2007, 316 (5832), pp.1729-1732. ⟨10.1126/science.1140609⟩
Journal articles hal-00293910v1

High-Pressure Creep of Serpentine, Interseismic Deformation, and Initiation of Subduction

N. Hilairet , Bruno Reynard , Y. Wang , I. Daniel , S. Merkel
Science, 2007, 318 (5858), pp.1910-1913. ⟨10.1126/science.1148494⟩
Journal articles hal-02107601v1

Equation of state and phase transition in KAlSi3O8 hollandite at high pressure

Tristan Ferroir , Tsuyoshi Onozawa , Takehiko Yagi* , Sebastien Merkel , Nobuyoshi Miyajima
The American Mineralogist, 2006, 91, pp.327-332. ⟨10.2138/am.2006.1879⟩
Journal articles hal-00095209v1

Lattice preferred orientation and stress in polycrystalline hcp-Co plastically deformed under high pressure

Sébastien Merkel , Nobuyoshi Miyajimab , Daniele Antonangeli , Guillaume Fiquet , Takehiko Yagi
Journal of Applied Physics, 2006, 100, pp.023510. ⟨10.1063/1.2214224⟩
Journal articles hal-00613949v1

Equation of state, elasticity and shear strength of pyrite under high pressure

Sébastien Merkel , A. P. Jephcoat , J. Shu H.-K. Mao , Philippe Gillet , R. J. Hemley
Phys Chem Min, 2002, 29, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1007/s002690100207⟩
Journal articles hal-00102107v1
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Deformation and Plasticity of Materials under Extreme Conditions

Sébastien Merkel
Fei, Yingwei; Walter, Michael J. Static and Dynamic High Pressure Mineral Physics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), pp.239-265, 2022
Book sections hal-03891121v1

Deformation of Core and Lower-Mantle Materials

Sébastien Merkel , Patrick Cordier
Terasaki, H.; Fischer, R. A. Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, John Wiley & Sons; Inc; Hoboken; NJ; USA, pp.89-99, 2016
Book sections hal-02167007v1

Radial diffraction in the diamond anvil cell: methods and applications

Sébastien Merkel
Boldyreva, E.; Dera, P. High-Pressure Crystallography: From Fundamental Phenomena to Technological Applications, Springer; Dordrecht; Netherlands, pp.111-122, 2010
Book sections hal-02151009v1