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Paola Tubaro



I am an economic sociologist who uses network science, agent-based computer simulation, and automated language analysis to shed new light on the contemporary transformations of markets and organizations. My current research focuses on the digital platform economy, the global production networks of the artificial intelligence industry, the role of human labor in the development of automation, and digital inequalities. I am also interested in the ethics of data and artificial intelligence. I am Directrice de Recherche (the equivalent of a full professor, but with research rather than teaching focus) at CNRS, and starting on 1 Sept. 2022, I work at Centre de Recherche en Economie et STatistique (CREST) on the Palaiseau campus just south of Paris. I am also an external member of Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Sciences du Numérique (LISN), a major computer science lab, which used to be my main affiliation (Jan 2016 - Aug 2022). I teach Sociology of Social Networks at Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS); Social and Economic Network Science, Data Ethics, and Ethics and Responsibility in Data Science at ENSAE; and Ethics of Digital and Social Data at the University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, all at master's level. In Italy, I teach Research Design to 1st-year economics PhD students. In October 2021, I was honored to be elected a Fellow of the European Academy of Sociology. I am a member of the Boards of the journals *Sociology* and *Revue Française de Sociologie*, and I am a member of the external scientific advisory board of *Lecturas de Economia* and *Journal of Economic Methodology*. I co-convene the Social Networks Analysis Group of British Sociological Association (BSA-SNAG). Until December 2015, I was Reader (the equivalent of a tenured Associate Professor) at the University of Greenwich, London, where I directed the doctoral programme of the Faculty of Business. More information is in my blog:


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Research Ethics in the Age of Digital Platforms

José Luis Molina , Paola Tubaro , Antonio Casilli , Antonio Santos-Ortega
Science and Engineering Ethics, 2023, 29 (3), pp.17. ⟨10.1007/s11948-023-00437-1⟩
Journal articles hal-04083115v1
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Gender and sex bias in COVID-19 epidemiological data through the lens of causality

Natalia Díaz-Rodríguez , Rūta Binkytė , Wafae Bakkali , Sannidhi Bookseller , Paola Tubaro
Information Processing and Management, 2023, 60 (3), pp.103276. ⟨10.1016/j.ipm.2023.103276⟩
Journal articles hal-03961804v1
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Hidden inequalities: the gendered labour of women on micro-tasking platforms

Paola Tubaro , Marion Coville , Clément Le Ludec , Antonio A Casilli
Internet Policy Review, 2022, The gender of the platform economy, 11 (1), ⟨10.14763/2022.1.1623⟩
Journal articles hal-03551747v1
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Learners in the loop: hidden human skills in machine intelligence

Paola Tubaro
Sociologia del Lavoro, 2022, 163, pp.110-129. ⟨10.3280/SL2022-163006⟩
Journal articles hal-03787017v1
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Who bears the burden of a pandemic? COVID-19 and the transfer of risk to digital platform workers

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A Casilli
American Behavioral Scientist, 2022, ⟨10.1177/00027642211066027⟩
Journal articles hal-03369291v1
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Disembedded or Deeply Embedded? A Multi-Level Network Analysis of Online Labour Platforms

Paola Tubaro
Sociology, 2021, 55 (5), pp.927-944. ⟨10.1177/0038038520986082⟩
Journal articles hal-03127861v1
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Social network analysis: New ethical approaches through collective reflexivity. Introduction to the special issue of Social Networks

Paola Tubaro , Louise Ryan , Antonio A. Casilli , Alessio D’angelo
Social Networks, 2021, Recent ethical challenges in social network analysis, 67, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1016/j.socnet.2020.12.001⟩
Journal articles hal-03090287v1
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Whose results are these anyway? Reciprocity and the ethics of “giving back” after social network research

Paola Tubaro
Social Networks, 2021, Recent ethical challenges in social network analysis, 67, pp.65-73. ⟨10.1016/j.socnet.2019.10.003⟩
Journal articles hal-02360709v1
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Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age

Laura Robinson , Jeremy Schulz , Hopeton S Dunn , Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro
First Monday, 2020, 25 (7), ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10844⟩
Journal articles halshs-02889891v1
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The trainer, the verifier, the imitator: Three ways in which human platform workers support artificial intelligence

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Marion Coville
Big Data & Society, 2020, 7 (1), pp.205395172091977. ⟨10.1177/2053951720919776⟩
Journal articles hal-02554196v1
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Digital inequalities in time of pandemic: COVID-19 exposure risk profiles and new forms of vulnerability

Laura Robinson , Jeremy Schulz , Aneka Khilnani , Hiroshi Ono , Shelia Cotten
First Monday, 2020, 25 (7), ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10845⟩
Journal articles halshs-02888223v1
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Quel statut pour les petits doigts de l’intelligence artificielle ? Présent et perspectives du micro-travail en France

Clément Le Ludec , Elinor Wahal , Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro
Les Mondes du travail , 2020
Journal articles hal-02995186v1
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Counting ‘micro-workers’: societal and methodological challenges around new forms of labour

Paola Tubaro , Clément Le Ludec , Antonio A. Casilli
Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, 2020, 14 (1), pp.67-82. ⟨10.13169/workorgalaboglob.14.1.0067⟩
Journal articles hal-02898905v1
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Digital inequalities 2.0: Legacy inequalities in the information age

Laura Robinson , Jeremy Schulz , Grant Blank , Massimo Ragnedda , Hiroshi Ono
First Monday, 2020, 25 (7), ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10842⟩
Journal articles halshs-02889893v1
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Whose intelligence is artificial intelligence?

Paola Tubaro
Global Dialogue, 2020, pp.38-39
Journal articles hal-03029735v1
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Les « petites mains » derrière le mirage de l’automation

Paola Tubaro
La vie de la recherche scientifique, 2020, pp.76-77
Journal articles hal-03029739v1
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Les Learning Analytics vus par la sociologie

Paola Tubaro
Distances et Médiations des Savoirs, 2019, 28
Journal articles hal-02418562v1
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La vie privée, un bien commun ?

Paola Tubaro
Regards croisés sur l'économie, 2019, 23 (2), pp.129-137. ⟨10.3917/rce.023.0129⟩
Journal articles hal-02196333v1
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Micro-work, artificial intelligence and the automotive industry

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli
Journal of Industrial and Business Economics = Economia e politica industriale, 2019, 46, pp.333-345. ⟨10.1007/s40812-019-00121-1⟩
Journal articles hal-02148979v1
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En la trastienda de la inteligencia artificial. Una investigación sobre las plataformas de micro-trabajo en Francia

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro , Clément Le Ludec , Elinor Wahal
Arxius de Ciències Socials, 2019, 41
Journal articles hal-02554213v1
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"You see yourself like in a mirror”: The effects of internet-mediated personal networks on body image and eating disorders

Francesca Pallotti , Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Thomas W. Valente
Health Communication, 2018, 33 (9), pp.1166-1176. ⟨10.1080/10410236.2017.1339371⟩
Journal articles hal-01520138v1
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Le moment big data des sciences sociales

Gilles Bastin , Paola Tubaro
Revue française de sociologie, 2018, Big data, sociétés et sciences sociales, 59 (3), pp.375-394. ⟨10.3917/rfs.593.0375⟩
Journal articles hal-01885416v1
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Réprimer les sites «pro-anorexie» : une fausse bonne idée

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro
Libération, 2017, pp.1-2
Journal articles hal-01577074v1
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Rethinking ethics in social-network research

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro
The Conversation, 2017
Journal articles hal-01666784v1
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Les tensions entre sociologie et politique à l’aune d’une tentative de législation des sites web sur les troubles alimentaires

Paola Tubaro
SociologieS, 2017, pp.1-13
Journal articles hal-01648305v1
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Visualization in mixed-methods research on social networks

Alessio d'Angelo , Louise Ryan , Paola Tubaro
Sociological Research Online, 2016, 21 (2), pp.15. ⟨10.5153/sro.3996⟩
Journal articles hal-01348848v1
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The Visual Sociogram in Qualitative and Mixed-Methods Research

Paola Tubaro , Louise Ryan , Alessio d'Angelo
Sociological Research Online, 2016, 21 (2), pp.1. ⟨10.5153/sro.3864⟩
Journal articles hal-01348491v1

How Far do Network Effects Spill Over? Evidence from an Empirical Study of Performance Differentials in Interorganizational Networks

Francesca Pallotti , Paola Tubaro , Alessandro Lomi
European Management Review, 2015, 12 (3), ⟨10.1111/emre.12052⟩
Journal articles hal-01300339v1
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Linking micro, meso and macro

Paola Tubaro
Archives Européennes de Sociologie / European Journal of Sociology, 2014, 55 (3), pp.495-503. ⟨10.1017/S0003975614000344⟩
Journal articles hal-01300341v1
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How to Build Consensus in a Health-Oriented Online Community: Modeling a "Pro-Ana" Forum

Antonio A. Casilli , Juliette Rouchier , Paola Tubaro
Revue française de sociologie, 2014, 55 (4), pp.731-762. ⟨10.3917/rfs.554.0731⟩
Journal articles halshs-01109220v1

Eliciting personal network data in web surveys through participant-generated sociograms

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Lise Mounier
Field Methods, 2014, 26 (2), pp.107-125. ⟨10.1177/1525822X13491861⟩
Journal articles hal-01355677v1

Opinion transmission in organizations: an agent-based modeling approach

Juliette Rouchier , Paola Tubaro , Cécile Emery
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 2014, 20 (3), ⟨10.1007/s10588-013-9161-2⟩
Journal articles hal-01300344v1
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A tale of two destinies: Georgescu-Roegen on Gossen.

Paola Tubaro
History of Political Economy, 2014, 46 (1), pp.33-54. ⟨10.1215/00182702-2398921⟩
Journal articles hal-01354924v1

Sociology and social networks

Paola Tubaro
Sociology, 2014, 48 (2), ⟨10.1177/0038038513517319⟩
Journal articles hal-01300349v1

Sociability and support in online eating disorder communities: Evidence from personal networks

Paola Tubaro , Lise Mounier
Network Science, 2014, 2 (1), ⟨10.1017/nws.2014.6⟩
Journal articles hal-01300345v1
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Online networks of eating-disorder websites: why censoring pro-ana might be a bad idea

Antonio A. Casilli , Fred Pailler , Paola Tubaro
Perspectives in public health, 2013, 133 (2), pp.1-2. ⟨10.1177/1757913913475756⟩
Journal articles hal-00780295v1
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Ten years of Ana. Lessons from a transdisciplinary body of literature on online pro-eating disorder websites

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro , Pedro Araya
Social Science Information, 2012, 51 (1), pp.121-139. ⟨10.1177/0539018411425880⟩
Journal articles hal-00682318v1
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Access to Official Data and Researcher Accreditation in Europe: Existing Barriers and a Way Forward

Paola Tubaro , Marie Cros , Roxane Silberman
IASSIST Quarterly, 2012, Spring 2012
Journal articles hal-01371296v1
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Social Media Censorship in Times of Political Unrest - A Social Simulation Experiment with the UK Riots

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro
Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique / Bulletin of Sociological Methodology, 2012, 115 (1), pp.5-20. ⟨10.1177/0759106312445697⟩
Journal articles hal-00682317v1
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Norms, status and the dynamics of advice networks : a case study

Emmanuel Lazega , Lise Mounier , Tom Snijders , Paola Tubaro
Social Networks, 2012, 34 (3), pp.323 - 332. ⟨10.1016/j.socnet.2009.12.001⟩
Journal articles hal-01800221v1

Can opinion be stable in an open network with hierarchy? An agent-based model of the Commercial Court of Paris.

Juliette Rouchier , Paola Tubaro
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011, Proceedings of the 4th & 5th UK Social Networks Conferences held at The University of Greenwich in London, UK, July 2008 and 2009, 10, pp.123-131. ⟨10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.01.015⟩
Journal articles hal-01371318v1

Becker random behavior and the as-if defense of rational choice theory in demand analysis

Ivan Moscati , Paola Tubaro
Journal of Economic Methodology, 2011, 18 (2), pp.107-128. ⟨10.1080/1350178X.2011.579147⟩
Journal articles hal-01371313v1

Crisis in Indian microfinance and a way forward: Governance reforms and the Tamil Nadu model

Ana Marr , Paola Tubaro
Journal of International Development, 2011, 23, pp.996-1003. ⟨10.1002/jid.1823⟩
Journal articles hal-01371297v1

Wholesale funding to microfinance and social development goals in Peru, Tamil Nadu, and Tanzania

Ana Marr , Paola Tubaro
Enterprise Development and Microfinance, 2011, 22 (4), pp.304-321. ⟨10.3362/1755-1986.2011.033⟩
Journal articles hal-01371311v1
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An ethnographic seduction: How qualitative research and agent-based models can benefit each other

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli
Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique / Bulletin of Sociological Methodology, 2010, 106 (1), pp.59-74. ⟨10.1177/0759106309360111⟩
Journal articles hal-00661425v1

Is individual rationality essential to market price formation? The contribution of zero‐intelligence agent trading models

Paola Tubaro
Journal of Economic Methodology, 2009, 16 (1), pp.1-19. ⟨10.1080/13501780802225528⟩
Journal articles hal-01405306v1
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Mini-symposium on the future of history of economics: young scholars' perspective [Introduction]

Paola Tubaro , Erik Angner
Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2008, 30 (1), pp.81-84. ⟨10.1017/S1042771608000069⟩
Journal articles hal-01574625v1
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Réseaux et controverses : de l’effet des normes sur la dynamique des structures

Emmanuel Lazega , Lise Mounier , Tom Snijders , Paola Tubaro
Revue française de sociologie, 2008, 49 (3), pp.467 - 498. ⟨10.3917/rfs.493.0467⟩
Journal articles hal-01719437v2

Producer choice and technical unemployment: John E. Tozer's mathematical model (1838)

Paola Tubaro
European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2008, 15 (3), pp.433-454. ⟨10.1080/09672560802252313⟩
Journal articles hal-01574622v1
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Négocier le plaisir dans la consommation alimentaire : une étude sur trois groupes de migrants de l'aire métropolitaine de Los Angeles

Antonio A. Casilli , Sylvie Sanchez , Paola Tubaro , Nicolas Antille
Cahiers de l'OCHA , 2008, 13 (1), pp.108-116
Journal articles hal-00666476v1
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Mathématiques et économie dans la détermination du “salaire naturel” de J.H. von Thünen

Paola Tubaro
Cahiers d'Economie Politique = Papers in political economy, 2006, 50 (1), ⟨10.3917/cep.050.0059⟩
Journal articles hal-01648313v1
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Hermann, Rau, Mangoldt : les origines de la fonction d'offre de marché en Allemagne (1830 - 1870)

Paola Tubaro
Recherches Economiques de Louvain - Louvain economic review, 2005, 71 (2), pp.223 - 243. ⟨10.3917/rel.712.0223⟩
Journal articles hal-01648314v1
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Social networks and resilience in emerging labor markets

Paola Tubaro
E. Lazega, T.A.B. Snijders, R. Wittek. A Research Agenda for Social Networks and Social Resilience, Edward Elgar, pp.45-57, 2022, 978 1 80392 577 6
Book sections hal-03850444v1
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Human Listeners and Virtual Assistants: Privacy and Labor Arbitrage in the Production of Smart Technologies

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A Casilli
Mark Graham, Fabian Ferrari. Digital Work in the Planetary Market, The MIT Press, 2022, 9780262369824. ⟨10.7551/mitpress/13835.003.0014⟩
Book sections hal-03688430v1

Qualité de vie au travail et santé économique des entreprises : étude des causalités

Philippe Caillou , Diviyan Kalainathan , Olivier Goudet , Isabelle Guyon , Michèle Sebag
Le travail en mouvement, Presses des Mines, pp.57-77, 2019, 978-2-35671-544-9
Book sections hal-04183548v1
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Enjeux sociaux des Big Data

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli
Mokrane Bouzeghoub, Rémy Mosseri. Les Big Data à découvert, CNRS Editions, pp.292-293, 2017
Book sections hal-01456369v1

Formalization and mathematical modelling

Paola Tubaro
Gilbert Faccarello, Heinz Kurz. History of Economic Analysis, III, Edward Elgar, pp.208-221, 2016, 9781849801126. ⟨10.4337/9781785365065.00022⟩
Book sections hal-01350533v1

History of microeconomics

Paola Tubaro
Wright, J.D. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Elsevier, pp.331-337, 2015, 978-0080970868 ⟨10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03060-9⟩
Book sections hal-01354916v1

Tozer, John Edward on Ricardo

Paola Tubaro
The Elgar Companion to David Ricardo, Edward Elgar, pp.566-572, 2015
Book sections hal-01348850v1
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Norms, advice networks and joint economic governance: the case of conflicts among shareholders at the commercial court of Paris

Emmanuel Lazega , Lise Mounier , Paola Tubaro
Ugur Mehmeth, Sunderland David. Does Economic governance matter ? Governance Institutions and Outcomes, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp.46-70, 2011, 9780857931764
Book sections hal-01054015v1

Computational economics

Paola Tubaro
Hands, D. Wade & Davis, John B. The Elgar Companion To Recent Economic Methodology, Edward Elgar, pp.209-227, 2011, 978 1 84844 754 7
Book sections hal-01372973v1

Dynamique des réseaux sociaux et apprentissage collectif : le cas du Tribunal de Commerce de Paris

Emmanuel Lazega , Lise Mounier , Paola Tubaro
Gérard WEISBUCH, Hervé P. ZWIRN. Qu’appelle-t-on aujourd’hui les sciences de la complexité ? Langages, réseaux, marchés, territoires, Vuibert, pp.103-125, 2010, 9782311002171
Book sections hal-01372976v1
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History of economic thought

Paola Tubaro
Rhona C. Free. 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook, 1, Sage, pp.3-11, 2010, 9781412961424
Book sections hal-01372974v1

Les mathématiques du plaisir et de la peine: la théorie du choix individuel de Hermann Heinrich Gossen

Paola Tubaro
Alain Alcouffe, Claude Diebolt. La pensée économique allemande, Economica, pp.245-267, 2009, 978-2717854497
Book sections hal-01405312v1
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Is Paris a good example for a X-minute city?

Sarah J. Berkemer , Simon Genet , Léopold Maurice , Marie-Olive Thaury , Paola Tubaro
FRCCS 2023, May 2023, Le Havre, France
Conference papers hal-04103593v1
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Portraits of micro-workers: The real people behind AI in France

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli
2nd Crowdworking Symposium 2020, Research program “Digital Future”, Universities of Paderborn and Bielefeld, Oct 2020, Paderborn, Germany
Conference papers hal-02960775v1

Combien de journées en une pour les micro-travailleuses ?

Antonio A. Casilli , Paola Tubaro , Marion Coville , Clément Le Ludec , Maxime Besenval
Femmes au travail : Enjeux productifs et reproductifs, Feb 2020, Poitiers, France
Conference papers halshs-02519726v1
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Emergent relational structures at a "sharing economy" festival

Paola Tubaro
COMPLEX NETWORKS 2018 - The 7th International Conference on Complex Networks and Their Applications, Luca Maria Aiello; Chantal Cherifi; Hocine Cherifi; Renaud Lambiotte; Pietro Lió; Luis M. Rocha, Dec 2018, Cambridge, United Kingdom. pp.559-571
Conference papers hal-01947911v1

Click-work in the Kitchen: How Digital Platforms Transform Labor in the Restaurant Industry

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Pierre Caillou , Elise Penalva Icher , Julian Posada
BSA Work, Employment and Society Conference, Sep 2018, Belfast, United Kingdom
Conference papers hal-02392233v1

Studying eating disorders in the social web: An online ethnography with social network analysis

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Christèle Fraïssé , Estelle Masson , Laurent Mounier
Colloque de British Sociological Association, Apr 2011, Londres, United Kingdom
Conference papers hal-01881214v1

Eating disorders in the social web an ego-network analysis approach

Paola Tubaro , Antonio A. Casilli , Christèle Fraïssé , Estelle Masson , Lise Mounier
Colloque Sunbelt XXXI St Pete's Beach, Feb 2011, Grand Island, United States
Conference papers hal-01881222v1

An organisation that transmits opinion to newcomers

Juliette Rouchier , Paola Tubaro
Agent-based Simulation of Diffusion Processes, Apr 2010, Vienne, Austria
Conference papers halshs-00551311v1