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Raphaël Le Bidan

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Researcher identifiers

Presentation

Associate Professor at IMT Atlantique, Brest, France ([web page](http://www.imt-atlantique.fr/fr/personne/raphael-le-bidan)). 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) **Affiliations** [IMT Atlantique (formerly Telecom Bretagne), Mathematical & Electrical Engineering Department](https://www.imt-atlantique.fr/en/about/departments/mathematical-electrical-engineering) [Lab-STICC Laboratory, UMR CNRS 6285 / CODES research team](https://labsticc.fr/en/teams/codes) **Research Interests** - Channel code design & analysis - Digital receiver design (synchronization, equalization, etc) - Coherent optical fiber communications - Free-space optical satellite communications - Speech enhancement & denoising

Publications

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On the optimization of resources for short frame synchronization

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Frédéric Guilloud , Raphaël Le Bidan
Annals of Telecommunications - annales des télécommunications, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s12243-020-00787-y⟩
Journal articles hal-02914757v1
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Space-Ground Coherent Optical Links: Ground Receiver Performance With Adaptive Optics and Digital Phase-Locked Loop

Laurie Paillier , Raphaël Le Bidan , Jean-Marc Conan , Géraldine Artaud , Nicolas Vedrenne
Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2020, 38 (20), pp.5716-5727. ⟨10.1109/JLT.2020.3003561⟩
Journal articles hal-02899629v1

Trade-off between Frame Synchronization and Channel Decoding for Short Packets

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Raphaël Le Bidan , Frédéric Guilloud
IEEE Communications Letters, 2019, 23 (6), pp.979-982. ⟨10.1109/LCOMM.2019.2913363⟩
Journal articles hal-02132628v1
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Semi-Parametric Joint Detection and Estimation for Speech Enhancement based on Minimum Mean Square Error

van Khanh Mai , Dominique Pastor , Abdeldjalil Aissa El Bey , Raphaël Le Bidan
Speech Communication, 2018, 102, pp.27-38. ⟨10.1016/j.specom.2018.05.005⟩
Journal articles hal-01817262v1
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Robust Estimation of Non-Stationary Noise Power Spectrum for Speech Enhancement

van Khanh Mai , Dominique Pastor , Abdeldjalil Aissa El Bey , Raphaël Le Bidan
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 2015, 23 (4), pp.670 - 682. ⟨10.1109/TASLP.2015.2401426⟩
Journal articles hal-01216071v1

Multi-band OFDM transmission and receiver limitations at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching

E. Pincemin , Mengdi Song , Alain Poudoullec , Michael van Der Keur , Yves Jaouën
Lightwave Technology, 2014, 32, pp.2202-2219
Journal articles hal-02286911v1
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Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching

Erwan Pincemin , Mengdi Song , Julie Karaki , Omid Zia-Chahabi , Thierry Guillossou
Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2014, 32 (12), pp.2202-2219. ⟨10.1109/JLT.2014.2322517⟩
Journal articles hal-01190705v1

Dual-polarization multi-band OFDM versus single-carrier DP-QPSK for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission over legacy infrastructure

Julie Karaki , Elias Giacoumidis , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Christophe Gosset
Optics Express, 2013, 21 (14), pp.16982 - 16991. ⟨10.1364/OE.21.016982⟩
Journal articles hal-01194566v1
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Near maximum likelihood soft-decision decoding of a particular class of rate-1/2 systematic linear block codes

Patrick Adde , Christophe Jego , Raphaël Le Bidan
Electronics Letters, 2011, 47 (4), pp.259 -260. ⟨10.1049/el.2010.7857⟩
Journal articles hal-00573239v1

Efficient frequency-domain implementation of block-LMS/CMA fractionally spaced equalization for coherent optical communications

Omid Zia-Chahabi , Raphaël Le Bidan , Michel Morvan , Christophe Laot
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 2011, 23 (22), pp.1697 - 1699. ⟨10.1109/LPT.2011.2166257⟩
Journal articles hal-01196918v1

Challenges of 40/100 Gbps and higher-rate deployments over long-haul transport networks

Erwan Pincemin , Julie Karaki , Yann Loussouarn , Hubert Poignant , Christophe Betoule
Optical Fiber Technology, 2011, pp.1 - 3. ⟨10.1016/j.yofte.2011.07.011⟩
Journal articles hal-00632768v1

Iterative decoding of product codes over binary erasure channel

Samar Changuel , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
Electronics Letters, 2010, 46 (7), pp.503-505
Journal articles hal-00484497v1

Minimum distance and convergence analysis of hamming-accumulate-acccumulate codes

Alexandre Graell I Amat , Raphaël Le Bidan
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2009, 57 (12), pp.3518-3523. ⟨10.1109/TCOMM.2009.12.080579⟩
Journal articles hal-00445503v1
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Reed-Solomon turbo product codes for optical communications: from code optimization to decoder design

Raphaël Le Bidan , Camille Leroux , Christophe Jego , Ramesh Pyndiah , Patrick Adde
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2008, 2008, pp.1 -- 14
Journal articles hal-00573272v1
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Low-complexity high-rate Reed-Solomon block turbo Codes

Rong Zhou , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah , André Goalic
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2007, 55 (9), pp.1656 - 1660. ⟨10.1109/TCOMM.2007.904365⟩
Journal articles hal-01876249v1
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Low-complexity MMSE turbo equalization : a possible solution for EDGE

Christophe Laot , Raphaël Le Bidan , Dominique Leroux
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 2005, 4 (3), pp.965 - 974. ⟨10.1109/TWC.2005.847095⟩
Journal articles hal-01870549v1
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Real-time turbo-equalization on the TMS320C5509 - improving the reliability of broadband wireless links

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux , Annie Godet
GlobalDSP Magazine, 2004, 3 (3)
Journal articles hal-02125790v1
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Frame format and DSP receiver design for a 56-GBaud GEO DP-QPSK coherent optical feeder link

Raphaël Le Bidan , Hugo Meric , Julien Sommer
IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) 2023, IEEE, Oct 2023, Vancouver (BC), Canada. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-16250-4⟩
Conference papers hal-04384744v1
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Design Techniques of Spatially Coupled Low-Density Parity-Check Codes: A Review and Tutorial on 5G New Radio

Abdoul-Hadi Konfé , Pasteur Poda , Raphaël Le Bidan
CARI 2022, Oct 2022, Yaounde, Cameroon
Conference papers hal-03714594v1

Enhancing 5G Forward Error Correction Codes for URLLC by Spatial Coupling

Abdoul-Hadi Konfé , Pasteur Poda , Raphaël Le Bidan
ISIVC 2022: 11th International Symposium on Signal, Image, Video and Communications, May 2022, El Jadida, Morocco. ⟨10.1109/ISIVC54825.2022.9800214⟩
Conference papers hal-03739124v1

Study of minimum mean square error optimal equalizers for 50Gbit/s high speed passive optical networks

Flávio Andre Nogueira Sampaio , Naveena Genay , Erwan Pincemin , Raphaël Le Bidan , Yves Jaouën
APC 2021 : OSA Advanced Photonics Congress, Jul 2021, Montreal, Canada. ⟨10.1364/SPPCOM.2021.SpF1E.2⟩
Conference papers hal-03281047v1

An analysis of linear digital equalization in 50Gbit/s HS-PONs to compensate the combined effect of chirp and chromatic dispersion

Flávio Andre Nogueira Sampaio , Erwan Pincemin , Naveena Genay , Luiz Anet Neto , Raphaël Le Bidan
CLEO/EUROPE-EQEC 2021, Jun 2021, Virtual conference, France
Conference papers hal-03281045v1

Adaptive optics assisted space-ground coherent optical links: impact of turbulence on carrier recovery

Laurie Paillier , Raphaël Le Bidan , Jean-Marc Conan , Géraldine Artaud , Nicolas Vedrenne
Workshop on Communications and Observations through Atmospheric Turbulence (COAT), Dec 2019, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-02926388v1
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Synchronisation de Trame pour les Transmissions de Paquets Courts

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Raphaël Le Bidan , Frédéric Guilloud
GRETSI 2019 XXVIIème Colloque francophone de traitement du signal et des images, Aug 2019, Lille, France
Conference papers hal-02166547v1
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Superimposed Frame Synchronization Optimization for Finite Blocklength Regime

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Raphaël Le Bidan , Frédéric Guilloud
WCNCW 2019 : IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops, Apr 2019, Marrakech, Morocco. ⟨10.1109/WCNCW.2019.8902552⟩
Conference papers hal-02076366v1
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Adaptive optics assisted space-ground coherent optical links: ground receiver performance with digital phase locked loop

Laurie Paillier , Jean-Marc Conan , Raphaël Le Bidan , Géraldine Artaud , Nicolas Védrenne
International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications, Oct 2019, Portland, Oregon, United States. ⟨10.1109/ICSOS45490.2019.8978983⟩
Conference papers hal-02337519v1
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Confidence Level for Finite Blocklength Ultra Reliable Communication over Fading Channels

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Raphaël Le Bidan , Frédéric Guilloud
PIMRC 2019 : IEEE 30th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Sep 2019, Istanbul, Turkey. ⟨10.1109/PIMRC.2019.8904353⟩
Conference papers hal-02166544v1

Impact du canal sur les transmissions satellites - sol par optique adaptative en détection cohérente

Laurie Paillier , Jean-Marc Conan , Nicolas Vedrenne , Raphaël Le Bidan , Géraldine Artaud
JRIOA 2018, Jul 2018, Toulouse, France. pp.Session O7-A
Conference papers hal-02412383v1

Short packet communications: a physical layer comparison for block-fading channels

Alex The Phuong Nguyen , Raphaël Le Bidan , Frédéric Guilloud
ICT 2018 : 25th International Conference on Telecommunications, Jun 2018, Saint-Malo, France. ⟨10.1109/ICT.2018.8464914⟩
Conference papers hal-01870522v1

Impact du canal sur les transmissions satellites-sol corrigées par optique adaptative en détection cohérente

Laurie Paillier , Jean-Marc Conan , Nicolas Védrenne , Raphaël Le Bidan , Géraldine Artaud
Journées Recherche Industrie de l'Optique Adaptative (JRIOA), Congrès SFO Optique 2018, Jul 2018, Toulouse, France
Conference papers hal-01870220v1

Physical layer performance assessment of free-space optical communications links

Géraldine Artaud , Nicolas Védrenne , Raphaël Le Bidan , Marie-Thérèse Velluet , Laurie Paillier
2017 IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS), Nov 2017, Naha, Japan. ⟨10.1109/ICSOS.2017.8357399⟩
Conference papers hal-01870200v1
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Combined Detection and Estimation Based on Mean-Square Error Log-Spectral Amplitude for Speech Enhancement

van Khanh Mai , Dominique Pastor , Abdeldjalil Aissa El Bey , Raphaël Le Bidan
GRETSI 2017 : 26ème colloque du Groupement de Recherche en Traitement du Signal et des Images, Sep 2017, Juan-Les-Pins, France
Conference papers hal-01611344v1
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Joint Equalization and Decoding Scheme Using Modified Spinal Codes for Underwater Communications

Yupeng Tai , Frédéric Guilloud , Christophe Laot , Raphaël Le Bidan , Hai-Bin Wang
OCEANS 2016 - Monterey : MTS/IEEE international conference, Sep 2016, Monterey, United States. pp.1 - 6, ⟨10.1109/OCEANS.2016.7761418⟩
Conference papers hal-01424505v1

Coherent 100/200 Gbps QPSK/16QAM-OFDM Transmission over 1000 km of G.652 or G.655 Fibre

Mengdi Song , Erwan Pincemin , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën
ICTON 2015 : 17th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Jul 2015, Budapest, Hongrie. pp.1 - 5, ⟨10.1109/ICTON.2015.7193616⟩
Conference papers hal-01185870v1

Active Noise Control with digital PDM MEMS mics

Erwan Nogues , Raphaël Le Bidan , Dominique Pastor
IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCE), Jun 2015, Madrid, Spain. ⟨10.1109/ISCE.2015.7177788⟩
Conference papers hal-01183905v1

A Simple and High-Performance Method for Combining Soft-Decision FEC with Differential Encoding in100 Gbps Dual-Polarization QPSK System

Julie Karaki , Raphaël Le Bidan , Erwan Pincemin
OFC 2014 : Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Mar 2014, San Francisco, California, United States. pp.1 - 3, ⟨10.1364/OFC.2014.M3A.7⟩
Conference papers hal-01185869v1

Robustness of coherent 100 Gbps QPSK and 200 Gbps 16QAM-OFDM to practical implementation impairments

Mengdi Song , E. Pincemin , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën
SPPcom 2014, Jul 2014, San Diego, United States
Conference papers hal-02412064v1

100 Gbps multi-band OFDM transmission over 1000 km of G.52 fibre and a cascade of five sub-wavelength OADMs

E. Pincemin , Mengdi Song , Julie Karaki , Alain Poudoullec , N. Nicolas
ACP 2014, Nov 2014, Shanghai, China
Conference papers hal-02412094v1

Robustesse des modulations QPSK-OFDM à 100 Gbps et 16QAM-OFDM à 200 Gbps aux imperfections d'implémentation pratique et de transmission

Mengdi Song , Erwan Pincemin , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën
JNOG 2014 : 34èmes Journées Nationales d'Optique Guidée, Oct 2014, Nice, France
Conference papers hal-01188835v1
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Implantation d'un décodeur à entrées pondérées du code à résidus quadratiques étendu (48,24,12)

Patrick Adde , Raphaël Le Bidan , Magali Le Gall
GRETSI 2013 : 24 ème colloque 24ème colloque du Groupement de Recherche en Traitement du Signal et des Images, Sep 2013, Brest, France
Conference papers hal-00869244v1
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A Self-reconfiguring Constant Modulus Algorithm for Proper Polarization Demultiplexing in Coherent Optical Receivers

Omid Zia-Chahabi , Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Michel Morvan
OFC 2012: Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Mar 2012, Los Angeles, États-Unis
Conference papers hal-00725000v1

Frequency offset estimation on Polarization-Multiplexed coherent OFDM system stressed by chromatic dispersion and PMD

Julie Karaki , E. Pincemin , Yves Jaouën , Raphaël Le Bidan
CLEO'12, May 2012, San José, United States
Conference papers hal-02286341v1

Frequency Offset Estimation in a Polarization-Multiplexed Coherent OFDM system stressed by chromatic dispersion and PMD

Julie Karaki , Erwan Pincemin , Yves Jaouën , Raphaël Le Bidan
CLEO 2012: Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, May 2012, San Jose, Ca, United States
Conference papers hal-00724999v1

Dual-polarization multi-band OFDM versus single-carrier DP-QPSK for 100Gbps long-haul WDM transmission over legacy infrastructure

Julie Karaki , E. Pincemin , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën
ECOC'12, Sep 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Conference papers hal-02411879v1

Multi-Band OFDM versus Single-Carrier DP-QPSK for 100 Gbps Long-Haul WDM Transmission

Julie Karaki , Erwan Pincemin , Didier Grot , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën
SPPCom 2012 : Signal Processing in Photonic Communications, Jun 2012, Colorado Springs, Co, United States
Conference papers hal-01196971v1

Throughput analysis of hybrid single-packet and multiple-packet truncated type-II HARQ strategies with unreliable feedback channel

Moustapha El Aoun , Xavier Lagrange , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, Apr 2012, Paris, France. pp.86 - 91, ⟨10.1109/WCNC.2012.6214495⟩
Conference papers hal-00725001v1
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A low-complexity soft-decision decoding architecture for the binary extended Golay code

Patrick Adde , Raphaël Le Bidan
ICECS 2012: IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits, and Systems, Dec 2012, Sevilla, Espagne. pp.705 - 708
Conference papers hal-00797565v1

100 Gb/s coherent optical polarized multiplexed multi-band OFDM (MB-OFDM) transmission for long-haul application

Elias Giacoumidis , Julie Karaki , E. Pincemin , Christophe Gosset , Raphaël Le Bidan
ICTON 2012, Jul 2012, Coventry, United Kingdom
Conference papers hal-02288326v1

100 Gb/s coherent optical polarization multiplexed Multi-band- OFDM (MB-OFDM) transmission for long-haul applications

Elias Giacoumidis , Julie Karaki , Erwan Pincemin , Christophe Gosset , Raphaël Le Bidan
ICTON 2012 : International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Jul 2012, Warwick, United Kingdom
Conference papers hal-01196985v1

First and second-order PMD impact over 100Gbps polarization-multiplexed multi-band coherent OFDM system under realistic field conditions

Julie Karaki , Erwan Pincemin , Yves Jaouën , Raphaël Le Bidan
IPC 2011: IEEE Photonics Conference, Oct 2011, Arlington, Virginia, United States
Conference papers hal-00632767v1

Analysis and optimization of hybrid single packet and multiple-packets incremental redundancy in the presence of channel state information

Moustapha El Aoun , Xavier Lagrange , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
The 14th International Symposium on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications,, Oct 2011, Brest, France. pp.1 - 5
Conference papers hal-00725185v1
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Adaptive MMSE turbo equalization with high-order modulations and spatial diversity applied to underwater acoustic communications

Christophe Laot , Raphaël Le Bidan
European Wireless 2011, Apr 2011, Vienne, Austria
Conference papers hal-00673282v1

Analyse des schémas HARQ classiques et évolués (schémas multi-paquets) en présence d'une voie de retour imparfaite

Moustapha El Aoun , Xavier Lagrange , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
XXIIIe colloque GRETSI : traitement du signal et des images, Sep 2011, Bordeaux, France
Conference papers hal-00725178v1
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Adaptive single-carrier frequency-domain equalization for 100G coherent optical communications

Omid Zia-Chahabi , Raphaël Le Bidan , Michel Morvan , Christophe Laot
SPPCom: Signal Processing in Photonics Communications, Jun 2011, Toronto, Canada
Conference papers hal-00673283v1

Approche multi-bandes pour la transmission 100 Gbps de signaux OFDM multiplexés en polarisation

Julie Karaki , Erwan Pincemin , Thierry Guillossou , Yves Jaouën , Raphaël Le Bidan
JNOG 2011 : journées nationales d'optique guidée, Aug 2011, Marseille, France
Conference papers hal-01196929v1

Multiple-packet versus single-packet incremental redundancy strategies for type-II hybrid ARQ

Moustapha El Aoun , Raphaël Le Bidan , Xavier Lagrange , Ramesh Pyndiah
ISTC 2010 : 6th International Symposium on turbo codes and iterative information processing, Sep 2010, Brest, France. ⟨10.1109/ISTC.2010.5613846⟩
Conference papers hal-01195582v1
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Design and implementation of a soft-decision decoder for Cortex codes

Patrick Adde , Christophe Jego , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ernesto Perez Chamorro Jorge
ICECS 2010 IEEE international conference on electronics, circuits, and systems, Dec 2010, Athens, Greece. pp.663 - 666
Conference papers hal-00617881v1

Some results on the binary minimum distance of Reed-Solomon codes and block turbo codes

Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah , Patrick Adde
ICC'07 : IEEE International conference on communications, Jun 2007, Glasgow, United Kingdom. pp.990 - 994, ⟨10.1109/ICC.2007.168⟩
Conference papers hal-01876233v1

Pragmatic two-level coded modulation using Reed-Solomon product codes

Samar Changuel , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
ICICS'07 : 6th International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal processing, Dec 2007, Singapore, Singapore
Conference papers hal-01876236v1

Iterative decoding of block turbo codes over the binary erasure channel

Samar Changuel , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
ICSPC'07 : IEEE international conference on signal processing and communications, Nov 2007, Dubaï, United Arab Emirates
Conference papers hal-01876238v1

Rate compatible serially concatenated codes with outer extended BCH codes

Alexandre Graell I Amat , Raphaël Le Bidan
GLOBECOM '07 : IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Nov 2007, Washington Dc, United States. pp.1476 - 1481
Conference papers hal-01876234v1

Efficient architecture for Reed Solomon block turbo code

Erwan Piriou , Christophe Jego , Patrick Adde , Raphaël Le Bidan , Michel Jezequel
ISCAS 2006 : IEEE International Symposium on Circuits And Systems, May 2006, Kos, Greece. pp.3682 - 3685, ⟨10.1109/ISCAS.2006.1693426⟩
Conference papers hal-01876239v1

Une introduction aux turbo codes et au principe turbo

Raphaël Le Bidan
SEE 2005 : Journée d'études SEE "Nouvelles formes d'onde en imagerie, localisation et communications", Mar 2005, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-01876244v1

An overview of turbo codes and their applications

Claude Berrou , Ramesh Pyndiah , Patrick Adde , Catherine Douillard , Raphaël Le Bidan
ECWT'05 : 2nd European Conference on Wireless Technology, Oct 2005, Paris, France. pp.1 - 9, ⟨10.1109/ECWT.2005.1617639⟩
Conference papers hal-01876240v1

Real-time MMSE Turbo-equalization on the TMS302C5509 fixed-point DSP

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing ICASSP 2004, May 2004, Montreal, Canada. pp.V-325 - V-328, ⟨10.1109/ICASSP.2004.1327113⟩
Conference papers hal-01872924v1

Turbo codes et principe turbo - Des origines aux applications

Raphaël Le Bidan
Quel avenir pour les communications radio : journées d'études de la SEE, Jun 2004, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-01887885v1
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Comparaison des turbo-égaliseurs MAP et MMSE pour récepteur à antennes multiples

Christophe Laot , Raphaël Le Bidan , Dominique Leroux
2nd International Symposium on Image/Video Communications ISIVC'04, Jul 2004, Brest, France
Conference papers hal-01872923v1
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Fixed-Point Implementation of an Efficient Low-Complexity Turbo-Equalization Scheme

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , D. Leroux
3rd International Symposium on Turbo-Codes and Related Topics, Sep 2003, Brest, France. pp.415-418
Conference papers hal-00917695v1
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Multiple-Input turbo equalization over time-varying frequency selective channel

Christophe Laot , Raphaël Le Bidan , Dominique Leroux
EUSIPCO 2002 : 11th European Signal Conference, Sep 2002, Toulouse, France
Conference papers hal-01876231v1
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Analyse de la convergence en turbo-détection

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux , Alain Glavieux
18e Colloque GRETSI sur le Traitement du Signal et des Images, Toulouse, France, 10-13 Septembre 2001, Sep 2001, Toulouse, France
Conference papers hal-00110906v1
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Analyse de la convergence en turbo-détection

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux , Alain Glavieux
GRETSI 2001: 18eme colloque sur le traitement du signal et des images, Sep 2001, Toulouse, France
Conference papers hal-02138357v1
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Estimation of Non-Stationary Noise Based on Robust Statistics in Speech Enhancement

van Khanh Mai , Dominique Pastor , Abdeldjalil Aissa El Bey , Raphaël Le Bidan
[Research Report] RR-2014-03-SC, Dépt. Signal et Communications (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB); Laboratoire en sciences et technologies de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance (UMR CNRS 6285 - Télécom Bretagne - Université de Bretagne Occidentale - Université de Bretagne Sud). 2014, pp.31
Reports hal-01292179v1

COCA project : channel coding : state of the art and perspectives (technical and strategic aspects)

Patrick Adde , Frédéric Guilloud , Catherine Douillard , Raphaël Le Bidan , Ramesh Pyndiah
[Research Report] Pôle de Recherche Avancée en Communications (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB); Dépt. Electronique (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB); Dépt. Signal et Communications (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB). 2007, pp.164
Reports hal-01870558v1

Nouvelles structures d'égalisation linéaire à entrée et sortie pondérée. Application à la turbo égalisation pour les transmissions en mode paquet

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux
[Rapport de recherche] Dépt. Signal et Communications (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB). 2002
Reports hal-01870548v1

La turbo détection : principes et performances

Raphaël Le Bidan , Christophe Laot , Dominique Leroux
[Rapport de recherche] Dépt. Signal et Communications (Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Bretagne-UEB). 2001
Reports hal-01870550v1