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Saba Farès

Professor of Ancient Arab Languages and Cultures
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  • https://raft.hypotheses.org/

Presentation

Professor of Languages and Cultures of Ancient Arabia. My main research topics are : - Religious Landscape and Sacred Ground - Territories and borders of Arabian tribes in North Arabia Peninsula based on epigraphic documents My comparative work within Arabic involves ancient Arabic texts and classical Arabic texts. I work on ancient texts dated form pre-Islamic periods, engraved on rocks and blocs (form the 5th century BC to 8th century AD). I am interested in all linguistic aspects of ancient Arabic languages and mainly the input of Archaeology for better understanding of the society. The materials are collected through annual fieldwork in [wādī Ramm](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/projects/wadi-ramm/) (Jordan) and in Kilwa (Saudi Arabia). French Ministry for Foreign Affairs support those tow project and provide and funding (since 1994 for [wādī Ramm](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/projects/wadi-ramm/) and 2009 for [Kilwa](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/projects/kilwa/)). The fieldwork lead me to the interrogation about the reusing of ancient material, with the help of new technologies. Thus, throw the project StorMer, funded by [LabexMed](https://labexmed.nakalona.fr/ "LabexMed"), I explore, with colleagues who comes form different scientific horizon, the traditional rainfall water and the social construction. We try to develop a pilot for improving traditional system as a solution to access to water, in non urban region in Mediterranean basin ([https://raft.hypotheses.org/stromer](https://raft.hypotheses.org/stromer "StorMer - LabexMed - AMU")). One of the archaeological operations' objectives is to carry out an exhaustive inventory of the archaeological discoveries in Ramm (Jordan) and Kilwa (Saudi Arabia) and to map them. Under my direction, the team has developed an Archaeological Information System called [MirCap](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/?s=). It allows us to organize 2 types of data: 1. Archaeological (excavation data) 2. Environmental (geomorphological, topographical, hydrographical) The aim of this [tool ](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/?s=)is to optimise operations, to encourage collaboration between archaeological stakeholders in the sectors studied and to ensure greater dissemination of information to scientists and the public: - **Facilitating the action of archaeological operations** Before, during and after the excavation, provide support for decision-making and analysis of data collected in the field. - **Providing scientific stakeholders with archaeological information.** To provide a working base for scientists within the department or external researchers. - **To enhance and disseminate archaeological knowledge to all audiences** Help to find information to carry out exhibitions, provide educational and mediation activities, etc. The material collected during 20 years are shared in online database OpenAccess thanks to the collaborative platform ([https://mircap.huma-num.fr/](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/ "OBSERVATION, ANALYSIS AND MODELLING OF LINGUISTIC, HISTORICAL AND CLIMATIC DATA")) with the financial support for [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region](http://www.regionpaca.fr/ "Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region"), [LabexMed ](https://labexmed.nakalona.fr/ "LabexMed ")(Aix-Marseille University), [IREMAM ](http://iremam.cnrs.fr/ "IREMAM")(UMR 7310) and [French Embassy in Saudi Arabia](https://sa.ambafrance.org/Service-de-cooperation-et-d-action-culturelle "French Embassy in Saudi Arabia") #### **Current Research Projects** **1. Religious landscape and sacred land, the relationship between territory and worship in Kilwa (Saudi Arabia, 7th - 11th c.) (2008-ongoing)** Kilwa is a relatively dense agglomeration with buildings of varying sizes that seem to be a laura. The complex also includes two buildings of worship: a church and a chapel, and buildings for supplies, as well as gardens. The research, which combines archaeological excavations with geospatial analysis, has revealed a system of natural resource management, which is very effective, to the point of cultivating fruit trees that are difficult to envisage in such an arid environment, such as peach trees. The presence of this monastery, which is unique in the Arabian Peninsula, is not very surprising, since before the rise of Islam, Christian thought had penetrated the Arabian Peninsula, with clear references to Christian rituals and traditions, especially in the poetry of the Jahiliya. Al-Ḥira, in Iraq, became a centre of monasticism in the East in the 5th and 6th centuries, following the massive arrival of Syrian monks after the death of Justinian I (November 565). Following this event, many Arab tribes converted to Christianity at that time. **2. Landscape archaeology and social dynamics at Diriyah (Saudi Arabia) (2020-2022)** The development of the city of Diriyah as a historical and cultural epicentre of Saudi Arabia requires large-scale urban development, of which cultural structures are the backbone. The aim is to study is how peoples developed and exploited the environment around them in the past. This multi-disciplinary project uses prehistoric, classical, and medieval archaeology to study the history of Diriyah. #### **Open Science and digital humanity: [MirCap](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/ "MirCap: OBSERVATION, ANALYSIS AND MODELLING OF LINGUISTIC, HISTORICAL AND CLIMATIC DATA") (2017-2020)** [MirCap ](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/)project is proudly a part of the French national plan for Open Access Science. With the aim of “democratizing access to knowledge, useful for research, training, economy and society”, the [MIRCAP ](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/)project offers a collection of more than 20 years of a large set of data from two major projects in Jordan ([Wadi Rum](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/projects/wadi-ramm/)) and Saudi Arabia ([Kilwa](https://mircap.huma-num.fr/en/projects/kilwa/)). This Project was awarded in the call for projects of [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region](https://www.maregionsud.fr/). Seeking to bring public-financed research out of the restricted sphere of closed databases, the platform disseminates research funded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development in tandem with the Service of Cooperation and Cultural Action and headed by Professor [Saba Fares](https://cv.archives-ouvertes.fr/saba-fares). The data seeks to tend to the gaps in study of pre-Islamic Arabia and its geo-climatic environment. The information on this platform addresses a number of issues and as such tend to both ecological and historical studies as well as understandings of contemporary social issues such as population displacement. It provides an analysis of ancient texts, language, the change in Arabic dialect in the region. Locating places with an abundance of water provided insight into the changing movements of the ancient nomadic populations. As such, a unique nexus of social sciences versus hard sciences is presented here. However, critically, this platform has been created in order to share this information widely and allow researchers to make use of this data in their own work. It is the main goal of this platform to provide intricate information that can be used internationally by scientists, social scientists, and the curious individual alike. This open-access platform is also geared as a contribution to national French efforts to disseminate information widely for the general public, justly, with no cost. This project is the awarded from of the [PACA ](https://www.maregionsud.fr/)Region’s call for tenders which is part of the 2015-2020 State-Region Plan Contract which “sets the course for State and Regional action for the next six years in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur”. #### Recently closed research project (2017-2018) ***STORMER : Traditional rainwater harvesting system: a sustainable solution for a non-urban population in the Mediterranean*** This Project was awarded in the call for projects Amorces - Ateliers Thématiques de Recherche Interdisciplinaires by LabexMed, a laboratory of excellence under the A\*MIDEX university foundation, which brings together 16 Aix-Marseille mixed research units in the human and social sciences (<http://labexmed.fr/fr/project/stormer/> and <https://raft.hypotheses.org/stromer>). This project proposes to carry out a collective reflection on traditional hydraulic systems for rainwater harvesting in the Mediterranean basin, one of the regions where the population is most affected by climate change and where natural water resources are lacking (no river, few springs). The project aims to study, with a diachronic and interdisciplinary approach, the resilience of the population around this basin in a context of aridification. Our project focuses on "rain-dependent" regions and populations. From Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan, we are interested in : 1. The diversity of the devices, both tangible and intangible, that societies have put in place throughout their history to cope with drought: rainwater harvesting facilities, sacred investments of these facilities and popular beliefs related to the environment (language, religion) 2. Socio-economic construction around hydraulic installations, delimitation of territories, regulation of access and exploitation. 3. Conflicts and political issues related to popular hydraulic structures.

Research domains


Skills

Expert knowledge in Ancient Arabic languages, including grammar, syntax, and vocabulary Proficiency in deciphering and interpreting ancient Arabic inscriptions In-depth understanding of the historical and cultural context of ancient Arab civilizations Ability to conduct original research in the field of Ancient Arab Languages and Cultures Strong analytical and critical thinking skills to analyze and interpret complex linguistic and cultural phenomena Familiarity with relevant research methodologies and academic approaches in the field Ability to mentor and supervise students in their research projects and academic pursuits Expertise in translating complex academic concepts into accessible language for a diverse audience Ability to develop educational materials and resources for museums, such as exhibit guides, interactive displays, and multimedia presentations Experience in collaborating with museum curators, designers, and educators to create engaging and informative exhibits Proficiency in organizing and leading public lectures, workshops, and guided tours related to Ancient Arab Languages and Cultures Knowledge of museum best practices, including exhibit design, interpretation strategies, and audience engagement techniques

Publications

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Ruways Salîm’s new Inscriptions (in Jordan): a linguistic analysis

Saba Farès
Semitica et Classica, 2017, 10, pp.215-223
Journal articles halshs-01730851v1
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The Wadi Ramm project

Saba Farès , Jérôme Norris
Ḥawliyyaẗ dāʹiraẗ al-āṯār al-’āmmaẗ = Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 2017, 58, pp.525-540
Journal articles halshs-02513168v1
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Christian monasticism on the eve of Islam: Kilwa (Saudi Arabia) - new evidence

Saba Farès
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 2011, 22 (2), pp.243 - 252. ⟨10.1111/j.1600-0471.2011.00335.x⟩
Journal articles halshs-01728349v1
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L’inscription arabe de Kilwa: nouvelle lecture

Saba Farès
Semitica et Classica, 2010, 3, pp.241 - 248. ⟨10.1484/J.SEC.1.100941⟩
Journal articles halshs-01728353v1
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Les femmes prêtresses dans les religions arabes préislamiques : le cas des Liḥyānites.

Saba Farès
Topoi Orient - Occident, 2009
Journal articles hal-01736820v1
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La représentation de la main dans les gravures rupestres

Saba Farès
Journal of Epigraphy and Rock drawings, 2008, 2, pp.53-67
Journal articles halshs-00497376v1
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Remarques sur l'occupation humaine à Wadi Ramm

Saba Farès-Drappeau , Olivier Barge
Topoi Orient - Occident, 2003, Supplément 4, pp.427-429
Journal articles halshs-00497597v1
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La chronologie des inscriptions dédanites et liḥyānites d’al-’Ulā : état de la question

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Topoi Orient - Occident, 2003
Journal articles hal-01736829v1
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" A preliminary report on the forth Season of the Wâdi Iram Epigraphical, Geographical and Archaeological Survey "

Saba Farès-Drappeau , Fawzi Zayadine , Frédéric Abbès
Ḥawliyyaẗ dāʹiraẗ al-āṯār al-’āmmaẗ = Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 2001, 45, pp.205-216
Journal articles halshs-00497603v1

Preliminary Report on a Fourth Season of Wadi Ram : Epigraphical, Geographical and Archaeological Survey

Saba Farès-Drappeau , Fawzi Zayadine , Frédéric Abbès
Ḥawliyyaẗ dāʹiraẗ al-āṯār al-’āmmaẗ = Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 2001, 45, pp.204-213
Journal articles halshs-00090855v1
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Compte-rendu de RR. PP. A. Jaussen et R. Savignac - Mission archéologique en Arabie

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée, 2000, 89-90
Journal articles halshs-01730861v1
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La divinité h-KTBY/hn-’KTB en Arabie du Nord-Ouest et en Jordanie du Sud

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Topoi Orient - Occident, 1999, 9, pp.201-208. ⟨10.3406/topoi.1999.1815⟩
Journal articles halshs-01736791v1
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Tow North-Arabian inscriptions from the temple of Lât Wadi Iram

Saba Farès-Drappeau , Fawzi Zayadine
Ḥawliyyaẗ dāʹiraẗ al-āṯār al-’āmmaẗ = Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 1998, 42, pp.255-257
Journal articles halshs-00497374v1

Wadi Ramm epigraphic survey

Saba Farès-Drappeau
American Journal of Archaeology, 1997, 10, pp.37-44
Journal articles halshs-00497616v1
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Wadi Iram: un lieu du culte et de rassemblement des tribus arabes dans l'antiquité

Saba Farès-Drappeau
ARAM Periodical, 1996, 8 (2), pp.269 - 283. ⟨10.2143/ARAM.8.2.2002199⟩
Journal articles halshs-01728375v1
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L’inscription de type dédanite d’Abū al-Dibā’/Wady Ramm, une nouvelle lecture

Saba Farès
Ḥawliyyaẗ dāʹiraẗ al-āṯār al-’āmmaẗ = Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 1995
Journal articles halshs-01736772v1

Archaeological digs in Kilwa (2008-ongoing)

Saba Farès , Vincent Ollive , Linda Herveux
Les entretiens de la Mer Rouge, Consulat Général de France à Djeddah, Jun 2021, Djeddah, Saudi Arabia
Conference papers hal-03254596v1

Environnement et sociétés traditionnelles en Jordanie du Sud

Saba Farès
Domestication de l'eau de pluie en méditerranée et implications sociétales, Saba Farès, May 2018, Aix-en-Provence, France
Conference papers hal-01847194v1

L’étude géoarchéologique des relations Homme/ environnement : l’exemple de Kilwa (Arabie Saoudite)

Vincent Ollive , Saba Farès
Domestication de l'eau de pluie en méditerranée et implications sociétales, May 2018, Aix-en-Provence, France
Conference papers hal-02972220v1

Linguistique et archéologie : recherches combinées pour dater les langues de l’Arabie préislamique

Saba Farès
21ème Rencontres Sabéennes, Jun 2017, Toulouse, France
Conference papers halshs-01730953v1

Réceptions de l’Antiquité au Proche-Orient : langage et pratiques

Saba Farès
Maghreb Antique : enjeux identitaires et patrimoniaux contemporains, Jacques Alexandropoulos, Nov 2017, Toulouse, France
Conference papers hal-01736843v1

Ancient desert agriculture systems: The example of the monastery of Kilwa (8th century AD)

Linda Herveux , Saba Farès , Maël Crépy
IWGP 2016, 7th conference of the international workgroup for palaeoethnobotany, 2016, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-02967052v1

Réseau hydraulique de la Palmyrène

Saba Farès
Palmyre mérite notre attention, al-Baas University, Dec 2015, Homs, Syria
Conference papers hal-01736849v1

Old Material for modern futur

Saba Farès , Charles Kraemer
The Fifth National Built Heritage Forum, SCTH - Saudi Commission for Tourism & National Heritage, Nov 2015, al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia
Conference papers hal-01736845v1

Al Ḍumayr : un patrimoine culturel oublié

Saba Farès
conférences du Centre Culturel Syrien à Paris, May 2014, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-01736893v1

Marelles et ‘awalé : représentations figurées et jeux gravés sur les rochers du Wadi Ramm

Saba Farès
Jeux et jouets au Moyen Âge en terre d’islam, GREMMO 5192; CIHAM – UMR 5648, Mar 2013, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736857v1

Fragrances et parfums à travers les âges.

Saba Farès
Petits déjeuners de la MOM (Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée-Lyon, Dec 2013, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736894v1

Réforme linguistique islamique : innovation scripturale de la langue arabe.

Saba Farès
Le contexte de naissance de l’écriture arabe : écrits et écritures araméennes et arabes au 1er millénaire après J.-C., Apr 2013, Paris, France
Conference papers halshs-01731005v1

Qahwa/café : étymologie, pratiques sociales et symboliques

Saba Farès , Joseph Dichy
Thé et café. Les représentations culturelles dans les langues et les pratiques, Centre de recherche en terminologie et traduction (CRTT-Université Lumière-Lyon 2), Oct 2013, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736850v1

Communauté monastique chrétienne en Transjordanie méridionale : l’église de Kilwa

Saba Farès
Les églises syriaques. Xe table-ronde de la Société d’études syriaques, Apr 2012, Paris, France
Conference papers hal-01736834v1

Les femmes prêtresses dans les religions arabes préislamiques : le cas des Liḥyānites

Saba Farès
emmes, cultures et sociétés dans les civilisations méditerranéennes et Proche-Orientales de l’Antiquité, Nov 2007, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736822v1

Survey and Excavations at Huḍayb al-Rīḥ in wādī Ramm: From the Bronze Age to the Abbasid period

Saba Farès
American Society for Oriental Research annual Meeting, American Society for Oriental Research, Nov 2006, Washington DC, United States
Conference papers hal-01736867v1

Recherches épigraphiques et archéologiques en Jordanie du Sud

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Les rencotnres de l'Association Franco-Syrienne, l'Association Franco-Syrienne, May 2002, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736877v1

Cultural heritage and the protection of rock art in Southern Jordan

Saba Farès , Irbid – Jordan
Seventh International Forum UNESCO – University and Heritage Seminar, UNESCO; YARMOUK UNIVERSITY, Dec 2002, Irbid, Jordan
Conference papers hal-01736868v1

L’épigraphie sémitique à Wadi Ramm, en Jordanie du Sud

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Conférences du Musée gallo-romain à Lyon, Musée gallo-romain à Lyon, 2001, Lyon, France
Conference papers hal-01736881v1

La poursuite des recherches épigraphiques en Jordanie du Sud après William Jobling

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Julius Euting (1839-1913) und die Erforschung Arabiens, Jul 1999, Tübingen, Germany
Conference papers hal-01736885v1

Les thamoudéens dans le Wadi Iram

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Les conférences du Centre Culturel Français d'Amman, Centre Culturel Français d'Amman, 1997, Amman, Jordanie
Conference papers hal-01736891v1

Les Arabes du Nord à travers les inscriptions

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Université de Saint Joseph-Beyrouth - départements des Lettres arabes et d'Histoire et Géographie, Apr 1994, Beyrouth, Liban
Conference papers hal-01736892v1

Kilwa

Saba Farès , Yves Gleize , Yann Callot , Maël Crépy , Patrick Ferreira
PUN - Éditions Universitaires de Lorraine, inPress, Archéologie, Espaces, Patrimoines, Gérard Giuliato
Books halshs-02513207v1

Wadi Ramm, langue, tribus et territoires

Saba Farès
PUN - Presses Universitaires de Lorraine, inPress
Books hal-02546483v1

Traduction de A. Jaussen et R. Savignac - Mission archéologique en Arabie (Publication de la Société des fouilles archéologiques), supplément au volume II : Les coutumes des Fuqarâ

Saba Farès
Fondation du roi Abd al-Aziz, 2017
Books halshs-01728370v1

Traduction de A. Jaussen et R. Savignac - Mission archéologique en Arabie (Publication de la Société des fouilles archéologiques), Tome II : El-'Ela, D'Hégra à Teima, Harrah de Tebouk, avec un Atlas (153 planches, cartes et plans), Paris, 1914

Saba Farès
Fondation du roi Abd al-Aziz, 2017
Books halshs-01728369v1

Traduction de A. Jaussen et R. Savignac - Mission archéologique en Arabie (Publication de la Société des fouilles archéologiques), Tome I : De Jérusalem au Hedjaz Médaine-Saleh (mars-mai 1907), Paris, 1909

Saba Farès
Fondation du roi Abd al-Aziz, 2017
Books halshs-01728368v1

Traduction de A. Jaussen et R. Savignac - Mission archéologique en Arabie (Publication de la Société des fouilles archéologiques), Tome III : Les châteaux arabes, Quseir 'Amra, Kharâneh et Tûba, Paris, 1922

Saba Farès
Fondation du roi Abd al-Aziz, 2017
Books halshs-01728372v1

Histoire des Arabes aux confins des pouvoirs perse et hellénistique (IVe-IIe s. avant l'ère chrétienne)

Saba Farès-Drappeau
Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen. Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen, pp.325, 2005, TMO
Books halshs-00497592v1
Image document

New chronology of North Arabian inscriptions: the tomb of Yn' (Kilwa, Saudi Arabia)

Saba Farès , Yves Gleize , Jean-François Saliège , Patrick Ferreira , Khalifa Al-Khalifa
Christian Darles; Lamya Khalidi; Mounir Arbach; Marylène Barret. L’Arabie du sud et Corne de l’Afrique, échanges et relations de l’Age du Bronze à l’avènement de l’Islam, , pp.241-251, 2021, Contacts between South Arabia and the Horn of Africa, from the Bronze Age to Islam, 978-2-8107-0726-3
Book sections halshs-02513176v1

Communauté monastique chrétienne en Transjordanie méridionale : l’église de Kilwa

Saba Farès
Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet. Les églises en monde syriaque, Geuthner, p. 225-236, 2013, 978-2-7053-3886-2
Book sections hal-01488452v1

Résultats préliminaires des prospections et des fouilles archéologiques à wādī Ramm

Saba Farès
Saba Farès. Des déserts et des hommes : Wādi Ramm, Jordanie : histoire économique, religieuse, sociale et environnementale : actes du colloque international à Wādī Ramm, les 11,12 et 13 novembre 2011, 52, A.D.R.A.; De Boccard, p. 11-77, 2013, Études anciennes, 978-2-913667-36-5
Book sections hal-01488957v1

Umm Daraj et al-Kharaza : les barrages antiques au service des nomades d’aujourd’hui

Saba Farès
Saba Farès. Des déserts et des hommes : Wādi Ramm, Jordanie : histoire économique, religieuse, sociale et environnementale : actes du colloque international à Wādī Ramm, les 11,12 et 13 novembre 2011, 52, A.D.R.A.; De Boccard, pp. 227-260, 2013, Études anciennes, 978-2-913667-36-5
Book sections hal-01488959v1

Photogrammetry and dense stereo matching approach applied to the documentation of The cultural heritage site of Kilwa (Saudi Arabia)

Jean-Francois Hullo , Pierre Grussenmeyer , Saba Farès
Actes of 22nd CIPA Symposium, October 11-15, 2009, Kyoto, Japan, pp.11-15, 2010
Book sections halshs-01736927v1
Image document

Avant-Propos: Femmes, cultures et sociétés dans les civilisations méditerranéennes et proche-orientales de l’Antiquité

Saba Farès
Femmes, cultures et sociétés dans les civilisations méditerranéennes et proche-orientales de l’Antiquité, 2009, Topoi Orient-Occident
Book sections halshs-04580114v1
Image document

Les femmes prêtresses dans les religions arabes préislamiques : le cas des liḥyanites

Saba Farès
Topoi Orient et Occident. Femmes, cultures et sociétés dans les civilisations méditerranéennes et proche-orientales de l'Antiquité, 10, De Boccard, pp.183-195, 2009
Book sections halshs-00497373v1
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La femme dans les sociétés méditerranéennes et proche-orientales

Saba Farès
Femmes, cultures et sociétés dans les civilisations méditerranéennes et proche-orientales de l’Antiquité, 10, pp.7-8, 2009, Topo Orient-Occident, Supl. 10
Book sections halshs-04580105v1
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Les gravures rupestres de Jordanie du Sud et enquête sur les pratiques de chasse actuelles

Saba Farès
Maison René-Ginouvès, Archéologie et Ethnologie. La chasse, Pratiques sociales et symboliques, 2, De Boccard, pp.37-44, 2006
Book sections halshs-00129107v1

Wādi Ramm, Jordan: Economic, Religious, Social and Environmental History: Proceedings of the International Symposium at Wādī Ramm

Saba Farès
Saba Farès. Man and the Desert: The First Multidisciplinary Conference on the Natural and Cultural History of Wadi Rum (Jordan), Nov 2011, Wadi Ramm, Jordan. 52, De Boccard, 2013, Études anciennes
Proceedings hal-02542917v1